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" In any proportion, the product of the means is equal to the product of the extremes. "
Elements of Plane Geometry: For the Use of Schools - Page 53
by Nicholas Tillinghast - 1844 - 96 pages
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Key to Ray's New Algebras, Elementary and Higher: Containing Statements and ...

Joseph Ray - Algebra - 1867 - 240 pages
...100—3z= B's gain, and 40z — 200= A's stock. Therefore, 4te— 200 : 20a; : : 3x : 100—3z. Since the product of the means is equal to the product of the extremes, 60z2=(40z— 200)(100— 3). Reducing, z2— J{x=— io. Whence, z=20; hence, &c=60= A's gain,...
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Stoddard's Complete Arithmetic: Being the New Practical Arithmetic of the ...

John Fair Stoddard - Arithmetic - 1888 - 480 pages
...3 4 6 becomes 5=5. multiplying each member by 2 and 3, we jy *_) have 4x3=6x2. Hence, 382. In every proportion, the product of the means is equal to the product of the extremes. 1. Either extreme is equal to the product of the means divided by the other extreme. 2. Either mean...
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Eaton's Elementary Algebra: Designed for the Use of High Schools and Academies

William Frothingham Bradbury - Algebra - 1868 - 270 pages
...fourth terms of a proportion are called the extremes, and the second and third the means. 106. In a proportion the product of the means is equal to the product of the extremes. Let ie a : b = c : d Clearing of fractions, ad = be A proportion is an equation ; and making the product...
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Practical Arithmetic, Embracing the Science of Numbers and the Art of ...

John Fair Stoddard - Arithmetic - 1868 - 430 pages
...: 3 4 6 becomes s=o> multiplying each member by 2 and 3, we 2i o have 4x3=6x2. Hence, 382. In every proportion, the product of the means is equal to the product of the extremes. 1. Either extreme is equal to the product of the means divided by the other extreme. 2. Either mean...
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Practical Arithmetic, by Induction and Analysis

Joseph Ray - Arithmetic - 1857 - 360 pages
...the proportion 2 : 3 : : 4 : 6, 2 and 6 are the extremes, and 3 and 4 the means. ART. 200. In every proportion, the product of the means is equal to the product of tJie extremes. ILLUSTRATIONS. — If we have 3 : 4 : : 6 : 8, the ratios of each couplet being equal...
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New Practical Arithmetic in which the Science and Its Applications are ...

Henry Bartlett Maglathlin - Arithmetic - 1869 - 332 pages
...between the other two. Thus, In 12 : 6 :: 6 : 3, 6 is a mean proportional. TOIIVCIIVLES. 328. 1. In every proportion the product of the means is equal to the product of the extremes. For, in the proportion 6 : 3 : : 4 : 2, since the ratios are equal (Art. 326), WB have $ = . Now,...
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The Geometry of the Circle and Mathematics as Applied to Geometry by ...

James Smith - Circle-squaring - 1869 - 459 pages
...: B : C. When A denotes ^-^ and B denotes i, then, C = 1-28 : that is, 78125 : i : : I : 1-28, and the product of the means is equal to the product of the extremes. Hence : -~I**A and —-^ are equivalent ratios, and it follows, that the product of any number multiplied...
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The geometry of the circle and mathematics as applied to geometry by ...

James Smith - 1869 - 490 pages
...or proportion, A : B : : B : C, when A denotes * ^* and B denotes I ; then, -8 : I : : I : -125, and the product of the means is equal to the product of the extremes. Now, if the radius of a circle = -125, then, (6 x -125) = 75 = the perimeter of a regular inscribed...
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The ratio between diameter and circumference in a circle demonstrated by ...

James Smith - 1870 - 634 pages
...63 agreed. If I : 2 : : 2 : 4, the converse of this proportional holds good ; 4 : 2 : : 2 : I, and the product of the means is equal to the product of the extremes : mxn = xm, whatever values we may put upon m and , and in either way, works out to the same result...
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The Art of Teaching School.

Josiah Rhinehart Sypher - History - 1872 - 336 pages
...second terms of a proportion must be the same as the relation between the third a^id fourth terms. The product of the means is equal to the product of the extremes. A missing extreme may be found by dividing the product of the means by the given extreme. A mean may...
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