« PreviousContinue »
ENGINEERS' AND MECHANICS COMPANION:
UNITED STATES' WEIGHTS AND MEASURES
MENSURATION OF SUPERFICIES AND SOLIDS;
TABLES OF SQUARES AND CUBES, SQUARE AND CUBE ROOTS;
CIRCUMFERENCE AND AREAS OF CIRCLES
THE MECHANICAL POWERS:
CENTERS OF GRAVITY, GRAVITATION OF BODIES, PENDULUMS, SPECIFIC
STEAM AND THE STEAM ENGINE.
NINTH EDITION.-REVISED AND ENLARGED.
BY J. M. SCRIBNER, A.M.
AUTHOR OF ENGINEERS POCKET TABLE-BOOK.
PUBLISHED BY HUNTINGTON AND SAVAGE,
AND FOR SALE BY THE PRINCIPAL BOOKSELLERS.
ENTERED according to Act of Congress, in the year 1845,
BY J. M. SCRIBNEA,
in the Clerk's office of the District Court for the Northern District of New York.
STEREOTYPED BY RICHARD H. HOBBS, HARTFORD, CONN
C. A. ALVORD, Printer, Corner of John and Dutch streets.
IN presenting this work to the notice of the public, the author has merely to state, that it had its origin in a desire which he felt to prepare a concise and practical treatise, with a view to facilitate the daily calculations of Engineers, Mill-wrights, and Artisans in general; and by them it is to be hoped it will be duly appreciated, more especially when they consider that the subjects embraced in this small volume-with very few exceptions-have been diffused throughout a number of valuable and extensive works, which are too voluminous to be useful in the field or shop, where they are most needed; and, by reason of their cost, quite out of the reach of the operative mechanic, in general.
Besides this, the greater part of mechanical works have been swelled out to an immoderate degree, by scholastic theorems and theoretical problems, too profound and tedious for the practical man-a defect which it is desirous to obviate, and which, it is believed, has been obviated in this work, by commencing with a system of decimals, and carrying on the work, throughout, upon that system.
The Tables, which are numerous, will supersede the necessity of seeking for the various methods of calculations, in the hurry of business; and the accuracy of the results given, can be relied upon with the greatest certainty, as they have been thoroughly tested.
With regard to the subjects embraced in this work, comment is unnecessary, as every mechanic is well aware that one or the other of them is daily required. The utility of such a work as this, no one will question; and he who would not be a "hewer of wood and drawer of water" to the more intelligent and wellinformed mechanic, must possess, to a considerable extent, the principles and rules embraced in this book; and more especially, if he would be master of his profession, and reputed as one whose skill and decisions can be implicitly relied upon.
The principal authors consulted in preparing it for the press, were ADCock, TEMPLETON, GREGORY, GRIER, BRUNTON, " Library of Useful Knowledge," M. MORIN, of the University of Paris, and "Ordnance Manual ;" and to the labors of the authors of these valuable works, I freely acknowledge my indebtedness for very much of the valuable matter contained in the following pages. The article on FRICTION, from the pen of Professor MORIN, under the sanction of the French Academy of Arts, will be found invaluable, as it will throw much light upon a subject intimately connected with mechanical arts, and about which little has heretofore been known with any degree of certainty.
In my own efforts, I have been materially assisted in the choice of subjects, and hints about their arrangement, by several distinguished mechanics and civil engineers.