## An Elementary Treatise on Algebra: For the Use of Students in High Schools and Colleges |

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### Common terms and phrases

according added affected algebra amount arithmetical becomes bought bushels called cents characteristic coëfficient common consequently consisting contain cost cows decimal denominator difference Divide dividend division divisor equal equation example exponent expressed Extract factors fifth figures Find five formula four fourth fraction given gives greater Hence horse increased indicated interest known learner length less letter logarithm manner means miles Moreover Multiply negative obtain Operation performed period polynomial positive preceding principal progression proportion quantity question quotient raised ratio received reducing remainder Remark represent Required result rods root rule second power second root separated share shillings similar square Substitute subtracted Suppose tens third third power third root tion transposing twice units unknown quantity whole write yards

### Popular passages

Page 50 - Divide the first term of the dividend by the first term of the divisor, and write the result as the first term of the quotient. Multiply the whole divisor by the first term of the quotient, and subtract the product from the dividend.

Page 46 - ANOTHER. 1. Divide the coefficient of the dividend by the coefficient of the divisor. 2.

Page 23 - A shepherd in time of war was plundered by a party of soldiers, who took \ of his flock and \ of a sheep ; another party took from him \ of what he had left and \ of a sheep ; then a third party took \ of what now remained and J of a sheep.

Page 226 - In a series of equal ratios, the sum of the antecedents is to the sum of the consequents as any antecedent is to its consequent.

Page 258 - The logarithm of a number is the exponent of the power to which it is necessary to raise a fixed number, in order to produce the first number.

Page 260 - To Divide One Number by Another, Subtract the logarithm of the divisor from the logarithm of the dividend, and obtain the antilogarithm of the difference.

Page 1 - Algebraic operations are based upon definitions and the following axioms : — 1. If the same quantity, or equal quantities, be added to equal quantities, the sums will be equal. 2. If the same quantity, or equal quantities, be subtracted from equal quantities, the remainders will be equal. 3. If equal quantities be multiplied by the same quantity, or equal quantities, the products will be equal.

Page 223 - In any proportion the terms are in proportion by Composition and Division; that is, the sum of the first two terms is to their difference, as the sum of the last two terms is to their difference.

Page 1 - If equal quantities be divided by the same or equal quantities, the quotients will be equal. 5. If the same quantity be both added to and subtracted from another, the value of the latter will not be altered.

Page 137 - Multiply the divisor, thus augmented, by the last figure of the root, and subtract the product from the dividend, and to the remainder bring down the next period for a new dividend.