Advanced Building Construction: A Manual for Students

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Longmans, Green & Company, 1892 - Building - 239 pages

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Page vii - ... cantilevers ; and be able to draw such a section in its right proportions from given dimensions of flanges. He should be able to draw in elevation, from given dimensions and skeleton diagrams, ordinary iron roofs up to 40 feet span, showing the sections of different parts, and methods of connecting them. SECOND STAGE, OR ADVANCED COURSE. In addition to the subjects enumerated for the Elementary Course — in all of which questions of a more complicated nature may be set, combining work done by...
Page i - ELEMENTARY SCIENCE MANUALS. Written specially to meet the requirements of the ELEMENTARY STAGE OF SCIENCE SUBJECTS as laid down in the Syllabus of the Directory of the BOARD OF EDUCATION.
Page 140 - Going of a Stair is the horizontal distance from the face of one riser to the face of the next riser, and does not include the nosing or the projection of the tread beyond the face of the riser.
Page i - Crown 8vo. , 2s . 6d. GEOMETRICAL DRAWING FOR ART STUDENTS. Embracing Plane Geometry and its Applications, the Use of Scales, and the Plans and Elevations of Solids, as required in Section I.
Page 66 - Joints are formed by drawing a curved iron key or jointer along the center of the flushed joint, pressing it hard, so that the mortar is driven in beyond the face of the wall; a groove of curved section is thus formed, having its surface hardened by the pressure.
Page 25 - These radiating lines are known as " medullary rays " or " transverse septa." In many woods they are not discernible by the eye, but when they are of large size and strongly marked, as they are in some kinds of oak, they present, if cut obliquely, a beautiful figured appearance, known as " silver grain " or " felt." HEARTWOOD AND SAPWOOD. — As the tree increases in age the inner layers are filled up and hardened, becoming what is called "heartwood," the remainder being called "sapwood.
Page 98 - ... convenience or economy. 3. The tie beam should be supported at such small intervals that it need not be too large for economy or convenience. It has been found by experience that these objects can be attained by limiting the distance between the points of support on the principal rafter to 8 feet. In determining the form of truss for any given span, it is therefore necessary first to decide the pitch, then roughly to draw the principal rafters in position, ascertain their length, divide them...
Page 52 - It appears from practical examples that the limits of the safe load on piles are as follows :— " In piles driven till they reach the firm ground, 1000 Ibs. per square inch of area of head.
Page 114 - Several examples of grounds are given in pages 81 to 93, and there described, so that it will be unnecessary to enter upon them further in detail at present. Architraves are borders fixed round the openings of doorways or windows for ornament, and also to conceal the joint between the frame and the plastering. These borders may be of almost any pattern or dimensions to suit the character of the room. They are sometimes covered with elaborate mouldings, or made in the form of a pilaster. The mouldings...
Page 221 - Second Stage or Advanced Examination. INSTRUCTIONS. Read the General Instructions at the head of the Elementary paper. You are only permitted to attempt eight questions.

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