## The Civil Engineer's Handbook: A Convenient Reference Book for Chainmen, Rodmen, Transitmen, Levelers, Surveyors, as Well as Draftsmen, Computers, and Railroad, Municipal, and Hydraulic Engineers |

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### Common terms and phrases

accompanying table adjustment angles of repose axis azimuth backsight beam bearing bending brick bubble called cement center line center of gravity chain chord circle circular curve clamp coefficient column computed concrete correction cross-hairs cross-section cubic curvature degree of curve determined diameter discharge distance dumpy level elevation equal factor of safety feet formula friction frog given horizontal Inches instrument intersection latitude length line of sight load located longitude longitude range material maximum means measured meridian method moment of inertia mortar pavement perpendicular pipe plane plane table Portland cement position Pounds pressure prismoid radius rail railroad railroad switch ratio reading rivet sand sewer shear shearing stress shown in Fig side slope spiral square stadia stake station steel stone strength stress subgrade surface survey tangent telescope tion track transit triangle tube turnout velocity vernier vertical volume wall weight

### Popular passages

Page 4 - LIQUID MEASURE 4 gills (gi.) = 1 pint (pt.) 2 pints = 1 quart (qt.) 4 quarts = 1 gallon (gal.) 31| gallons = 1 barrel (bbl.) 2 barrels...

Page 2 - Cubic Measure 1728 cubic inches (cu. in.) =1 cubic foot (cu. ft.) 27 cubic feet = 1 cubic yard (cu. yd.) 128 cubic feet = 1 cord (cd...

Page 2 - SQUARE MEASURE 144 square inches (sq. in.) = 1 square foot (sq. ft.) 9 square feet — 1 square yard (sq. yd.) 30^ square yards = 1 square rod (sq. rd.) 160 square rods = 1 acre (A.) 640 acres = 1 square mile (sq.

Page 5 - Measures of Length. 10 millimeters (mm.) 1 centimeter (cm.) 10 centimeters 1 decimeter (dm.) 10 decimeters 1 meter (m.) 10 meters 1 dekameter (Dm.) 10 dekameters 1 hectometer (Hm.) 10 hectometers 1 kilometer (Km.) 10 kilometers 1 myriameter (Mm.) 1181.

Page 343 - The pressure of a liquid on any surface immersed in it is equal to the weight of a column of the liquid whose base is the surface pressed, and whose height is the perpendicular depth of the center of gravity of the surface below the surface of the liquid.

Page 6 - Measures of Weight 10 milligrams (mg) =1 centigram eg 10 centigrams =1 decigram dg 10 decigrams =1 gram g 10 grams =1 dekagram Dg...

Page 6 - MEASURES OF CAPACITY 10 milliliters (ml.) = 1 centiliter (cl.) 10 centiliters = 1 deciliter (dl.) 10 deciliters = 1 liter (1.) 10 liters = 1 dekaliter (Dl.) 10 dekaliters = 1 hektoliter (hi.) 10 hektoliters = 1 kiloliter (kl.) MEASURES OF WEIGHT 10 milligrams (mg.) = 1 centigram (eg.) 10 centigrams = 1 decigram (dg.) 10 decigrams = 1 gram (g.) 10 grams...

Page 405 - The pulverized carbonate of lime, granite, or quartz while cold shall be mixed with the hot sand in the required proportions, and then mixed with the asphaltic cement, at the required temperature and in the proper proportion, in a suitable apparatus, so as to effect a thoroughly homogeneous mixture.

Page 2 - 1 Square Chain . sq. ch. 10 Square Chains " 1 Acre A. 640 Acres " 1 Square Mile . . sq. mi. 36 Square Miles (6 miles square)

Page 3 - TROY WEIGHT. 24 grains (gr.) 1 pennyweight (pwt.) 20 pennyweights, 1 ounce (oz.) 12 ounces ... 1 pound (Ib.) Troy weight is used in weighing gold, silver, precious stones, etc. APOTHECARIES