Algebra for Beginners: With Numerous Examples

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Macmillan and Company, 1880 - Algebra - 328 pages
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Page 36 - Divide the first term of the dividend by the first term of the divisor, and write the result as the first term of the quotient. Multiply the whole divisor by the first term of the quotient, and subtract the product from the dividend.
Page 27 - In the multiplication of whole numbers, place the multiplier under the multiplicand, and multiply each term of the multiplicand by each term of the multiplier, writing the right-hand figure of each product obtained under the term of the multiplier which produces it.
Page 236 - Article, — j— = — -=- ; oa bd also - =" — j ac , , a—bb c—dd a—b c- d therefore - x - = — -- x - or = j bade ac or a — b : a :: c — d : c, and inversely, a '. a — b :: c : c — d. This operation is called convertendo. 396. When four quantities are proportionals, the sum of the first and second is to their difference as the sum of the third and fourth is to their difference.
Page 134 - B in the ratio of 1 : 5. What quantity must be taken from each to form a mixture which shall consist of 2 gallons of one kind and 9 gallons of the other?
Page 126 - A cask A contains 12 gallons of wine and 18 gallons of water; and another cask B contains 9 gallons of wine and 3 gallons of water; how many gallons must be drawn from each cask so as to produce by their mixture 7 gallons of wine and 7 gallons of water t 33.
Page 245 - Quantities are said to be in Arithmetical Progression when they increase or decrease by a common difference. Thus each of the following series forms an Arithmetical Progression : 3, 7, 11, 15, ... 8, 2, -4, -10,...
Page 235 - Dividendo, by division ; when there are four proportionals, and it is inferred, that the excess of the first above the second, is to the second, as the excess of the third above the fourth, is to the fourth.
Page 210 - The last two figures of the root are found by division. The rule in such cases is, that two less than the number of figures already obtained may be found without error by division, the divisor to be employed being three times the square of the part of the root already found.
Page 130 - How long would it take the third man to do it alone ? 30. A can do half as much work as B, B can do half as much as C, and together they can complete a piece of work in 24 days. In what time can each alone complete the work ? 31.
Page 234 - If the product of two numbers be equal to the product of two other numbers, the four numbers are in proportion.

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