The Declaration of Paris of 1856: Being an Account of the Maritime Rights of Great Britain; a Consideration of Their Importance; a History of Their Surrender by the Signature of the Declaration of Paris; and an Argument for Their Resumption by the Denunciation and Repudiation of that Declaration
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abolished agreed Albert Vandal April Article authority belligerent blockade bound Britain British captain cargo carrying trade claim commanders commerce commission confiscation contraband contraband of war conventions Court of Admiralty cruisers Declaration of Paris defend destination droit effect enemy enemy's property engaged England established exempt exercise exports fight fleet force France free ships French Government high seas hostilities important inflicted injury International Law l'Angleterre land Law of Nations less letters of marque liable to capture London Lord Clarendon Lord Palmerston Majesty maritime rights maritime warfare marque and reprisals ment merchandise merchant shipping merchant vessels Napoleon naval navy neutral flag covers Neutral Powers neutral ship neutral territory neutral vessels neutres never officers parties peace Plenipotentiaries port principle private property Prize Court Prize-money property at sea protect question repudiated rule Russia seize ship or vessel Spain subjects tion traband Treaty Treaty of Berlin United whole
Page 123 - The neutral flag covers enemy's goods, with the exception of contraband of war; 3. Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under enemy's flag; 4. Blockades, in order to be binding, must be effective — that is to say, maintained by a force sufficient really to prevent access to the coast of the enemy.
Page 22 - I seen also under the sun, and it seemed great unto me: there was a little city, and few men within it; and there came a great king against it, and besieged it, and built great bulwarks against it: now there was found in it a poor wise man, and he by his wisdom delivered the city; yet no man remembered that same poor man.
Page 203 - Privateering is and remains abolished; 2. The neutral flag covers enemy's goods, with the exception of contraband of war; 3. Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under enemy's flag; 4.
Page 199 - Provided, however, and it is hereby agreed, that the stipulations in this article contained, declaring that the flag shall cover the property, shall be understood as applying to those powers only who recognize this principle ; but if either of the two contracting parties shall be at war with a third, and the other neutral, the flag of the neutral shall cover the property of enemies whose governments acknowledge this principle, and not of others.
Page 231 - That if any person shall, within the limits of the United States, fit out and arm, or attempt to fit out and arm, or procure to be fitted out and armed, or shall knowingly be concerned in the furnishing, fitting out or arming, of any ship or vessel, with intent that such ship or vessel shall be employed in the service of any foreign prince or state...
Page 24 - Ceux-ci continueront, par conséquent, à jouir d'une complète sécurité pour leurs personnes et leurs biens, aussi longtemps qu'ils ne me priveront pas eux-mêmes par des entreprises hostiles contre les troupes allemandes du droit de leur accorder ma protection.
Page 147 - A neutral Government is bound— " First, to use due diligence to prevent the fitting out, arming, or equipping within its jurisdiction of any vessel which it has reasonable ground to. believe is intended to cruise or carry on war against a Power with which it is at Peace...
Page 123 - Convinced that the maxims which they now proclaim cannot but be received with gratitude by the whole world, the undersigned Plenipotentiaries doubt not that the efforts of their Governments to obtain the general adoption thereof, will be crowned with full success. The present Declaration is not and shall not be binding, except between those Powers who have acceded, or shall accede, to it.
Page 166 - But, in case of war, either actual or imminent, this rule is subject to qualification, and it is settled that in such case a mere transfer by documents which would be sufficient to bind the parties is not sufficient to change the property as against captors as long as the ship or goods remain in transitu.
Page 203 - Whereas, it being desirable that such war should be conducted upon principles in harmony with the present views of nations and sanctioned by their recent practice, it has already been announced that the policy of this Government will be not to resort to privateering, but to adhere to the rules of the Declaration of Paris...