40. The Rocky Mountains rise 12500 feet above the level of the ocean, and the Andes 21440 feet. How many feet higher are the latter than the former? 41. A gentleman gave $13745 for a farm, and sold it for $15150. What did he gain? 42. The Declaration of Independence was made in Philadelphia in 1776. How many years from that time to 1870? Ans. 94 years. 43. A gentleman went to market one morning, intending to purchase to the amount of about $10.00. He filled his basket as follows: Steak $0.75; chickens $1.25, a bunch of asparagus $0.15; sweet potatoes $0.25; new Irish potatoes $0.35; some fresh butter $0.50; celery $0.10; two quarts of strawberries $0.50; lettuce $0.10; beets $0.15; and he gave the balance of his money for two fat turkeys. What did the turkeys cost him. Ans. $5.90 44. A little boy bought at one time 11 apples for $0.55, at another time 17 apples for $0.68 cents, and at another time 25 apples for $0.75. How many apples did he buy in all, and how much money did they together cost him? Ans. 53 apples; cost $1.98 45. A farm was bought for $2795; a yoke of oxen for $110; a horse for $163; 25 sheep for $87.50; one dozen chickens for $3.75; 15 cows for $317. How much did all cost? Ans. $3476.25 46. A farmer gave three dollars and fifty cents for a sheep, and seventeen dollars and twenty-five cents for a cow. What sum did both cost? Ans. $20.75 47. What is the difference between nineteen dollars and thirty-seven cents and twenty-three dollars and nineteen cents? Ans. $3.82 86 MULTIPLICATION. 33. MULTIPLICATION is the operation of increasing one number as many times as there are units in another. EXAMPLES. 1. Copy upon your slates and read the following: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 2 times 2 are 4; 2 times 3 times 2 are 6; 3 times 2. Copy and read the following: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Read thus: 4 times 1 are 4; 4 times 2 are 8, etc. 5 times 1 are 5; 5 times 2 are 10, etc. 3. Copy and read the following: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 6 12 18 24 30 36 42 48 54 Read thus: 6 times 1 are 7 times 1 are 7, etc. 7 14 21 28 35 42 49 56 63 6; 6 times 2 are 12, etc. 4. Copy and read the following: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 16 24 32 40 48 56 64 72 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 999999999 9 18 27 36 45 54 63 72 81 Read thus; 8 times 1 are 8, etc. 9 times 1 are 9. REMARK.-The above examples constitute the MULTIPLICATION TABLE, and must be thoroughly committed to memory. PROBLEMS. 5. If a little boy picks 8 apples from a tree every day, how many apples will he have picked in 3 days? 5 days? 7 days? 9 days? 2 days? 4 days? 6 days? 8 days? 6. If one boat will carry 5 men across a river, how many men will 4 boats of the same size carry? 8 boats? 9 boats? 3 boats? 5 boats? 7 boats? 2 boats? 6 boats? 7. If oranges are worth 7 cents apiece, now many cents must be paid for 9 oranges? 7 oranges? 5 oranges? 3 oranges? 8 oranges? 6 oranges? 4 oranges? 2 oranges? 1 orange? 8. There are 9 rows of trees in an orchard, with 6 trees in each row. How many trees in all the rows? In 7 rows? In 5 rows? In 3 rows? In 8 rows? In 6 rows? In 4 rows? In 2 rows? 9. Since there are 2 pints in a quart, how many pints in 9 quarts? 7 quarts? 8 quarts? 5 quarts? 6 quarts? 4 quarts? 2 quarts? 3 quarts? 10. Since there are 3 feet in a yard, how many feet in 5 yards? 7 yards? 9 yards? 8 yards? 6 yards? 4 yards? 2 yards? 3 yards? 11. Since there are 4 quarts in a gallon, how many quarts in 9 gallons? 8 gallons? 7.gallons? 4 gallons? 6 gallons? 5 gallons? 3 gallons? 2 gallons? 12. If lemons are worth 9 cents each, how many cents will 9 lemons cost? 7 lemons? 5 lemons? 3 lemons? 8 lemons? 6 lemons? 4 lemons? 2 lemons? 13. How many legs on 7 tables, if each table has 4 legs? 9 tables? 5 tables? 8 tables? 3 tables? 6 tables? 14. Since there are 7 days in a week, how many days in 9 weeks? 7 weeks? 5 weeks? 3 weeks? 8 weeks? 6 weeks? 4 weeks? 2 weeks? 34. To multiply any number by any of the nine digits. 1. Copy upon your slates and recite the following: MODEL FOR RECITATION. (1) PROBLEM.-How many are 2 times 524? (2) MULTIPLICATION.-2 times 4 units are 8 units; 2 times 2 tens are 4 tens; 2 times 5 hundreds are 10 hundreds. (3) RESULT.-Hence, 2 times 524 are 1048. 2. Copy, complete, and recite the following: 909 808 707 606 505 404 303 202 101 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 1818 2424 101 3. Copy, complete, and recite the following: 911 811 711 611 511 411 311 323 999 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 8199 4. Copy, complete, and recite the following: 999 Arrange upon your slates and recite the following: 5. Multiply 1020102 by 4; 3; 2; 1. 3; 2; 1. 6. Multiply 1212121 by 4; 7. Multiply 3123123 by 3; 8. Multiply 1111111 by 9; 9. Multiply 1010101 by 9; 10. Multiply 1030303 by 9; 11. Multiply 9090909 by 9; 8; 7; 6; 5; 4; 3; 2; 1. 12. Multiply 8080808 by 9; 8; 7; 6; 5; 4; 3; 2; 1. 8; 7; 6; 5; 4; 3; 2; 1. 8; 7; 6; 5; 4; 3; 2; 1. 8; 7; 6; 5; 4; 3; 2; 1. ANALYTIC OPERATIONS. 13. Copy and recite the following exercises: (1) PROBLEM.-How many are 9 times 987? (2) MULTIPLICATION.-9 times 7 units are 63 units; 9 times 8 tens are 72 tens; 9 times 9 hundreds are 81 hundreds. (3) ADDITION.-3 units; 2, 8 tens; 1, 8 hundreds; 8 thousands. (4) RESULT.-Hence, 9 times 987 are 8883. 14. Copy, complete, and recite the following: Arrange and recite the following: 15. Multiply 187; 252; 329; 416; 521; 756; 413 by each of the nine digits. 16. Multiply 999; 257; 189; 363; 195; 723; 327; 967 by each of the nine digits. PRACTICAL OPERATIONS. 17. Copy and recite the following exercises: |