# A Manual of Natural Philosophy: Compiled from Various Sources, and Designed for Use as a Text-book in High Schools and Academies

Thomas Cowperthwait & Company, 1846 - Physics - 302 pages
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### Contents

 MECHANICS Page 11 GRAVITATION 22 MOTION AND FORCE 32 LAW OF FALLING BODIES 39 COLLISION OF BODIES 49 MECHANICAL POWERS 56 CHAPTER II 73 CHAPTER III 108
 REFRACTION OF LIGHT 183 SEPARATION OF THE DIFFERENT COLOURED Rays 193 POLARIZATION OF LIGHT DOUBLE REFRACTION 209 CHAPTER VI 223 Structure of the Eye Use of Spectacles 231 OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS 239 CHAPTER VII 256 CHAPTER VIII 271

 MACHINES FOR RAISING WATER PUMPS 127 CHAPTER IV 154 REFLECTION OF LIGHT 174
 INDUCTION 284 ATMOSPHERIC ELECTRICITY 293

### Popular passages

Page 178 - Why the image is seen as far behind the mirror as the object is in front of it.— Let AB be an arrow held Fig.
Page 62 - RULE. As the radius of the wheel is to the radius of the axle, so is the effect to the power.
Page 85 - With a given base and height, therefore, the pressure is the same whether the vessel is larger or smaller above, whether its figure is regular or irregular, whether it rises to the given height in a broad open funnel, or is carried up in a slender tube. Hence, any quantity of water, however small, may be made to balance any quantity, however great. This is called the hydrostatic paradox.
Page 26 - I shall just offer a few illustrations of the CENTRE OF GRAVITY. The centre of gravity of a body is that point about which all its parts...
Page 80 - The pressure of a liquid on any surface immersed in it is equal to the weight of a column of the liquid whose base is the surface pressed...
Page 56 - Powers, are certain simple instruments, commonly employed for raising greater weights, or overcoming greater resistances, than could be effected by the natural strength without them. These are usually accounted six in number, viz. the Lever, the Wheel and Axle, the Pulley, the Inclined Plane, the Wedge, and the Screw.
Page 183 - When a ray of light passes obliquely from one medium to another of different density, it is refracted or bent out of its course.
Page 60 - The most striking example of levers of the third kind is found in the animal economy. The limbs of animals are generally levers of this description. The socket of the bone is the fulcrum ; a strong muscle attached to the bone near the socket is the power; and the weight of the limb, together with whatever resistance is opposed to its motion, is the weight.
Page 278 - Singer, is made by melting together one ounce of tin and two ounces of zinc, which are to be mixed, while fluid, with six ounces of mercury, and agitated in an iron, or thick wooden box, until cold. It is then to be reduced to...
Page 154 - ... is placed under the receiver of an air-pump, as the air is exhausted its sound becomes less and less distinct, until it can scarcely be heard.