## The Emergence of the American Mathematical Research Community, 1876-1900: J.J. Sylvester, Felix Klein, and E.H. MooreThis volume traces the transformation of the United States from a mathematical backwater to a major presence during the quarter-century from 1876 to 1900. Presenting a detailed study of the major figures involved in this transformation, it focuses on the three most influential individuals---the British algebraist James Joseph Sylvester, the German standard-bearer Felix Klein, and the American mathematician Eliakim Hastings Moore---and on the principal institutions with which they were associated---the Johns Hopkins University, G@ottingen University, and the University of Chicago. This book further analyses the research traditions these men and institutions represented, the impact these had on the second generation of American mathematical researchers, and the role of the American Mathematical Society in these developments. This is the first work ever written on the history of American mathematics during this period and one of the few books that examines the historical development of American mathematics from a wide perspective. By placing the development of American mathematics within the context of broader external factors affecting historical events, the authors show how the character of American research was decisively affected by the surrounding scientific, educational, and social contexts of the period. Aimed at a general mathematical audience and at historians of science, this book contains an abundance of unpublished archival material, numerous rare photographs, and an extensive bibliography. |

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my name is craig george gilman and i have been single for the past 12 years and i have [never] married and never had any children with anyone i did however smoke crack with dale screeder for 28 years and did also remove asbestos for a living , my ah number is 94-02195 and worked for usa remediation as well as sullivan in sauquoit valley as well as working for joe timian for a company called avala , as well as worked for a company called abescope , with robert duffy , from craig george gilman posted from utica, library on 10/31/17 at 11;31 am

### Contents

Preface | ix |

An Overview of American Mathematics 17761876 | 1 |

A New Departmental Prototype J J Sylvester and the Johns Hopkins University | 53 |

Mathematics at Sylvesters Hopkins | 99 |

German Mathematics and the Early Mathematical Career of Felix Klein | 147 |

Americas Wanderlust Generation | 189 |

Changes on the Horizon | 261 |

The Worlds Columbian Exposition of 1893 and the Chicago Mathematical Congress | 295 |

Surveying Mathematical Landscapes The Evanston Colloquium Lectures | 331 |

Meeting the Challenge The University of Chicago and the American Mathematical Research Community | 363 |

Epilogue Beyond the Threshold The American Mathematical Research Community 19001933 | 427 |

### Common terms and phrases

academic algebraic American Journal American Mathematical Society analysis Annalen appeared applied approach associated Associative Algebra Berlin Bolza Cambridge Cayley century Chapter Chicago College complete Congress continued course curves David Department differential discussion doctoral early equations established example fact faculty Felix Klein field figures finally functions geometry George German Gilman given Göttingen graduate Harvard Henry higher Hilbert History ideas important institutions interest invariant James later lectures Leipzig letter linear Maschke Math mathematical research mathematicians Mathematische meeting method Michigan Moore namely offered original particular partitions Peirce period physics position presented President Press problem Professor proof publication published Riemann scientific seminar served surface Sylvester Sylvester's teaching theorem theory tion took transformation United University vols White York young