## A companion to Euclid: being a help to the understanding and remembering of the first four books. With a set of improved figures, and an original demonstration of the proposition called in Euclid the twelfth axiom, by a graduate |

### Common terms and phrases

AC² alternate angle contained angle equal applied Argument ad absurdum base BC² bisect BOOK centre circumference coincides construction Demonstration described diameter directed divided draw drawn Edition Engravings equal equiangular equilateral Euclid extremities fall false figure given circle given point given rectilineal angle given straight line greater HISTORY impossible inches inscribe interior joins learner least meet Nature necessary opposite parallel parallelogram PARKER pass pentagon point of contact Problem produced proof PROPOSITION Proved by showing READINGS rectangle contained remote right angles right line segment shows the supposition sides similarly square Steps straight line Suppose supposition is false Theorem touch triangle VOLUME whole whole line YOUNG

### Popular passages

Page 24 - If two triangles have two angles of the [one equal to two angles of the other, each to each, and one side equal to one side, namely, either t}le sides adjacent to the equal...

Page 45 - To divide a given straight line into two parts, so that the rectangle contained by the whole and one of the parts, shall be equal to the square of the other part.

Page 18 - If, at a point in a straight line, two other straight lines, upon the opposite sides of it, make the adjacent angles together equal to two right angles, these two straight lines shall be in one and the same straight line.

Page 61 - From this it is manifest that the straight line which is drawn at right angles to the diameter of a circle from the extremity of it, touches the circle...

Page 37 - In any right-angled triangle, the square which is described upon the side subtending the right angle, is equal to the squares described upon the sides which contain the right angle.

Page 76 - IF from any point without a circle two straight lines be drawn, one of which cuts the circle, and the other touches it ; the rectangle contained by the whole line which cuts the circle, and the part of it without the circle, shall be equal to the square of the line which touches it.

Page 77 - If from a point without a circle there be drawn two straight lines, one of which cuts the circle, and the other meets it, and if the rectangle contained by the whole line which cuts the circle, and the part of it without the circle, be equal to the square on GEOMETRY.

Page 72 - If a straight line touch a circle, and from the point of contact a straight line be drawn at right angles to the touching line, the centre of the circle shall be in that line.

Page 27 - If a straight line fall on two parallel straight lines, it makes the alternate angles equal to one another, and the exterior angle equal to the interior and opposite angle on the same side; and also the two interior angles on the same side together equal to two right angles.