An Encyclopaedia of Gardening, comprehending the theory and practice of horticulture, floriculture, arboriculture and landscape gardening including ... a general history of gardening in all countries, etc
Longman, 1822 - 1469 pages
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according acid animal appears applied atmosphere bark beauty become better branches called carbonic century chiefly climate common considerable considered consists contains covered crops cultivated culture direction earth effect equal exist experiments feet flowers four fruit garden give given glass greater ground grow half heat hot-houses improvement inches introduced iron Italy kind known least leaves less light lime manner manure materials matter means mode nature nearly necessary object observes obtained operation original particular pears perfect placed plants pots practice present principle probably produce proper proportion quantity remains removed render require respect roots says season seeds shoots side situation soil sometimes sort species stem style substances surface taken taste trees variety various vegetable walks wall whole winter wood
Page 7 - God Almighty first planted a garden; and, indeed, it is the purest of human pleasures. It is the greatest refreshment to the spirits of man; without which buildings and palaces are but gross...
Page 306 - ... thought them liable to be injured. But, when I had learned, that bodies on the surface of the earth become, during a still and serene night, colder than the atmosphere, by radiating their heat to the heavens, I perceived immediately a just reason for the practice, which I had before deemed useleu. Being desirous, however, of acquiring some precise information on this subject...
Page 294 - ... situation in which it is kept, is of importance. It should, if possible, be defended from the sun. To preserve it under sheds would be of great use ; or to make the site of a dunghill on the north side of a wall. The floor on which the dung is heaped should, if possible, be paved with flat stones ; and there should be a little inclination from each side towards the centre, in which there should be drains connected with a small well, furnished with a pump, by which any fluid matter may be collected...
Page 296 - When lime, whether freshly burnt or slacked, is mixed with any moist fibrous vegetable matter, there is a strong action between the lime and the vegetable matter, and they form a kind of compost together, of which a part is usually soluble in water. By this kind of operation, lime renders matter which was before comparatively inert nutritive...
Page 309 - Snow and ice are bad conductors of heat ; and when the ground is covered with snow, or the surface of the soil or of water is frozen, the roots or bulbs of the plants beneath are protected by the congealed water from the influence of the atmosphere, the temperature of which in northern winters is usually very much below the freezing point ; and this water becomes the first nourishment of the plant in early spring. The expansion of water during its congelation, at which time its volume increases...
Page 273 - And when the leaves are fully developed, the ground is shaded, and any injurious influence, which in the summer might be expected from too great a heat, entirely prevented ; so that the temperature of the surface, when bare and exposed to the rays of the sun, affords at least one indication of the degrees of its fertility; and the thermometer may be sometimes a useful instrument to the purchaser or improver of lands.
Page 285 - The great object in the application of manure should be to make it afford as much soluble matter as possible to the roots of the plant : and that in a slow and gradual manner, so that it may be entirely consumed in forming its sap and organised parts.
Page 233 - In the same manner the flowering has its regular time : the mezereon and snowdrop push forth their flowers in February ; the primrose in the month of March ; the cowslip in April ; the great mass of plants in May and June; many in July, August, and September ; some not till the month of October, as the meadow saffron ; and some not till the approach and arrival of winter, as the laurustinus and arbutus.