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Tons of the philosophers on both sides of the water gradually expanded; and under the successive superintendance of Roy, Williams, and Mudge, in England; and Cassini, Mechain, Legendre, and Delambre in France; the operations have been conducted with remarkable accuracy, skill, and success.

The occasion of the recent measurement of the degree in Lapland was simply this. It had long been supposed that some errors had been made in the admeasurement in Lapland conducted by MM. Maupertuis, Clairaut, Camus, Lethonnier, and the Abbe Outhier, and the French National Institute wished for a new opportunity of examining into its accuracy: Bonaparte, therefore, at the suggestion of the Institute, wrote a letter personally to the king of Sweden, requesting permission for some members of that body to Visit Lapland, in order to determine an arc of the meridian. That high-spirited young monarch replied, that he would consult the Academy of Sciences at Stockholm, whether such an operation was desirable for the interests of science; and if they were of this opinion, he would appoint Swedish mathematicians to undertake it. In consequence of this, Messrs. Svanberg, Ofverboom, Holinquist, and Palander, were appointed, and in 1801, 1802, 1803, went through the work with such assiduity, talent, and success, as refect much honour on themselves, and on the country to which they belong. Their result diffars more than 200 toises from that of Maupertais; and M. Svanberg accounts for this difference from the circumstance of the French mathematicians having neglected to allow for variation from the level of the sea. From the whole, M. Svanberg now deduces, as the most probable conclusion, for the ellipticity, and 3963-26 English miles, for the radius of our earth at the equator. See EARTH.

Those who wish to acquaint themselves with the best and most approved methods of conducting these extensive measurements will do well to consult colonel Mudge's various papers on the Grand Trigonometrical Survey; Base du Système métrique décimal, ou Mesure de l'arc du méridien compris entre le parallèles de Dunkerque et Barcelone, par M. Delambre. Exposition des Opérations faites en Laponie, &c. par M. Svanberg, Stockholm, 1805. Traité de Géodésie, par M. Puissaint. A very complete list of papers on this subject is given in the 2d volume of Dr. T. Young's Philosophy.

On the supposition that the earth's figure is that of an oblate spheroid, it has been shewn, 1. That a degree of the earth's equator is the first of two mean proportionals, between the last and first degrees of latitude. 2. If the diameter of the equator be to the axis of the earth, as 180 to 179, the latitude in which the degree of latitude will be equal to a degree of the equator will be 34° 48′ 24". If the proportion be 230 to 229, the latitude comes out 54° 45′ 31". 3, If the proportion be 180 to 179, the latitude, where the degree of the meridian will be equal to a degree of a circle, whose diameter is equal to the axis of the earth, will be found to be 35° 20' 30"; assuming the proportion of 230 to 229, the latitude will be 35° 19' 25". (Horsley's Tracts, p. 394, &c.).

The lengths of the degrees on the meridian of an ellipsoid, increase from the equator to the pole very nearly as the square of the sine of the Latitude. And the length of the degree at any Paint, is to the length at the equator, accurately

as the cube of a line drawn parallel to the plumb line from a point in the axis equidistant from the centre with the equator, and terminating in a point of the plane of the equator, to the cube of the line drawn from this point to the true pole. Or, if e be the ellipticity, and the sine of the latitude, the length of the degree will vary as (1 + (2e+ce)x1)}.

DEGREE OF LONGITUDE, is the space between two meridians that make an angle of 1° with each other at the poles; the quantity or length of which is variable, according to the latitude, being every where as the cosine of the latitude; viz. as the cosine of one lat. is to the cosine of another, so is the length of a degree in the former lat. to that in the latter, on the supposition that the earth is spherical. But taking the earth as a spheroid, the degree of longitude may be found in any given latitude L, by saying, 1. As the equatorial diameter, to the polar, so 15, tang. 90°-L, to tang. of an angle A: then, 2. As radius, to sine of A, so is the length of a degree parallel of the given latitude. of the equator to the length of a degree on the

DEGREE IN MUSIC. The difference of position or elevation between any two notes. There are conjunct and disjunct degrees. When two notes are so situated as to form the interval of a recond, the degree is said to be conjunct; and when they form a third, or any greater interval, the degree is called disjunct.

According to others, degrees are the little intervals, whereof the concords or harmonic intervals are composed: they are, the greater tone, the less tone, and the semitone. The latter sense of the term is used by ancient authors; the former by the moderns.

DEGREES OF COMPARISON, in grammar, are usually reckoned three, viz. positive, comparative, and superlative. See GRAMMAR.

At

DEGREE, in universities, denotes a quality conferred on the students or members, as a testimony of their proficiency in the different branches of learning, and entitling them to certain privileges. (See BACHELOR, &c.) Cambridge, a person must have resided during the greater part of twelve several terms, before he can become a bachelor of arts. If a person of the age of 24 years be admitted of any college, he may take the degree of bachelor of divinity after ten years: but he need not reside more than three terms. A bachelor of laws must be of six years standing complete. A bachelor of physic is usually admitted in the course of his sixth year. A master of arts must have been a bachelor of arts at least three years. After he has been a master of arts seven years, he may become a bachelor of divinity. After he has been B.D. five years, he may become doctor of divinity; or he may take the degree of D.D. per saltum if he be an M.A. of 12 years standing. After a person has been LL.B. five years, or M.A. seven years, he may take the degree of Doctor of Laws. A bachelor of physic of five years standing, or seven years M.A. may become a Doctor of Physic. The following are entitled to honorary degrees: privy counsellors, bishops, dukes, marquisecs, earls, viscounts, barons, sons of noblemen, persons related to the king, baronets, and knights, are entitled to the degree of M.A. only; the others to superior ones. For the exercises, ceremonies, fees, &c. on admission to these several degrees at Cambridge, we refer to Wall's

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No person can take a degree in either of the English universities (a degree in music excepted) without declaring bona fide his assent and consent to every thing contained in the Book of Common Prayer and Thirty-nine Articles. On this account it is usual for those who are liberally educated among the dissenters, to study at one of the Scotch universities; but commonly at Edinburgh, Aberdeen, or Glasgow; and on this account probably it is, that many of the students at the English universities affect to speak with great contempt of degrees obtained in Scotland. The fact is, that in both countries the universities often receive, as well as bestow, honours by the conferring of degrees and it is equally true, that while in one country degrees can be obtained by men equally ignorant of literature and of science, by mere residence; in one university of the other country, the Brodums and the Solomons can procure degrees by purchase, without any examination or test of talent. So that, though no person can question the right of the universities on both sides of the Tweed to grant degrees and academic honours; no person can deny that both in England and Scotland the right may sometimes be abused, by conferring those distinctions upon ignorance, which were originally intended for men of real talents and extensive attainments.

DEGREES, upon mathematical and philosophical instruments, are the divisions by which the changes in the things to which the instruments are applied are indicated. In this sense we speak of the degrees on a thermometer, &c.

By DEGREES. ad. Gradually; by little and little (Newton).

DEGUSTATION. s. (degustatio, Latin.)

A tasting.

DEHISCENT, in botany, the gaping or opening of capsules; it is also put for the season in which this usually happens.

DEHLI, a province of Mogulstan, in Asia, having Junjapore and Bengal on the N. Jamba on the N.E. Bacar on the E. Agra on the S. and Ajmir on the W.

DEHLI, the principal town of the above province; it is about ten miles in circumference, and was the residence of the great Mogul when Kouli Khan invaded Industan. The Mogul and his great officers of state were made prisoners in their city, and the conquerors compelled them to deliver up all their riches; but not being satisfied with this, he put several of the great men to the rack. It is surrounded with a brick wall, and defended by a fortress. It is 100 miles N. of Agra. Lat. 28. 20 N. Lon. 78. 15 E.

To DEHO'RT. v. a. (dehortor, Lat.) To dissuade; to advise to the contrary (Ward). DEHORTATION. s. (from dehortor, Lat.) Dissuasion; a counselling to the contrary; advice against something (Ward).

DEHORTATORY. a. (from dekortor, Lat.) Belonging to dissuasion,

DEHO'RTER. s. (from dehort.) A dissuader; an adviser to the contrary.

DEICIDE. s. (from deus and eado, Lat.) Death of our blessed Saviour (Prior).

cast down; to afflict; to grieve (Shakspeare). To DEJECT. v. a. (dejicio, Latin.) 1. To 2. To make to look sad (Dryden).

DEJECT. a. (dejectus, Latin.) Cast down; afflicted; low-spirited.

DEJECTEDLY. ad. (from deject.) In a dejected manner; sadly; heavily (Bacon). DEJECTEDNESS. s. Lowness of spirits. DEJECTION. s. (dejectio, Lat.) 1. Lowness of spirits; melancholy (Rogers). Weakness; inability (Arbuthnot). 3. A stool (Ray).

2.

DEJECTION, in astrology, is applied to a planet when in a sign opposite to that wherein it is of greatest influence. See EXALTATION.

DEJECTURE. s. (from deject.) The excrement (Arbuthnot).

DEJERATION. s. (from dejero, Lat.) A taking of a solemn oath.

DEIFICATION. s. (deification, French.) The act of deifying, or making a god.

DEIFICATION, in the pagan theology, the act or ceremony of deifying their emperors, i. e. of placing them among the gods, and decreeing divine honours to be rendered them. See GoD and CONSECRATION.

The deification is the same with apotheosis. DELFORM. a. (from deus and forma, Lat.) Of a godlike form.

To DEIFY. v. a. (deifier, French.) 1. To make a god of; to adore as god (South). 2. To praise excessively (Bacon).

To DEIGN. v. n. (from duigner, Fr.) To vouchsafe; to think worthy (Milton). To DEIGN. v. a. To grant; to permit (Shak speare).

DEINTEGRATE. v. a. (from de and integro, Latin.) To diminish.

DEIPAROUS. a. (deiparus, Latin.) That brings forth a god; the epithet applied to the blessed Virgin.

DEISM, the doctrine or belief of the deists. Deism, from eos, God, may properly be used to denote natural religion, as comprehending those truths which have a real foundation in reason and nature; and in this sense it is so far from being opposite to Christianity, that it is one great design of the gospel to illustrate and enforce it. Thus some of the deistical writers have affected to use it. But deism more precisely signifies that system of religion, relating both to doctrine and practice, which every man is to discover for himself by the mere force of natural reason, independent of all revelation, and exclusive of it; and this religion Dr. Tindal and others pretend is so perfect, as to be in, capable of receiving any addition or improvement even from divine revelation.

DEISTS, a class of people known also under the denomination of Free-thinkers. The deists hold, that, considering the multiplicity of religions, the numerous pretences to revelation, and the precarious arguments generally ad

vanced in proof thereof, the best and surest way is to return to the simplicity of nature and the belief of one God; which is the only truth agreed to by all nations. They complain, that the freedom of thinking and reasoning is oppressed under the yoke of religion; and that the minds of men are ridden and tyrannized by the necessity imposed on them of believing inconceivable mysteries; and contend that nothing should be required to be assented to, or believed, but what their reason clearly con

ceives.

Dr. Clarke distinguishes four sorts of deists. 1. Those who profess to believe the existence of an eternal, infinite, independent, intelligent Being, who made the world, without concerning himself in the government of it. 2. Those who believe the being and natural providence of God, but deny the difference of actions as morally good or evil, resolving it into the arbitrary constitution of human laws; and therefore they suppose that God takes no notice of them. With respect to both these classes, he observes, that their opinions can consistently terminate in nothing but downright atheism. 3. Those who, having right apprehensions concerning the nature, attributes, and all-governing providence of God, seem also to have some notion of his noral perfections; though they consider them as transcendent, and such in nature and degree, that we can form no true judgment, nor argue with any certainty concerning them; but they deny the immortality of human souls; alleging that men perish at death, and that the present life is the whole of human existence. 4. Those who believe the existence, perfections, and providence of God, the obligations of natural religion, and a state of future retribution, on the evidence of the light of nature, without a divine revelation: such as these, he says, are the only true deists; but their principles, he apprehends, should lead them to embrace Christianity; and therefore he concludes that there is now no consistent scheme of deism in the world.

The first deistical writer of any note that appeared in this country was Herbert baron of Cherbury. He lived and wrote in the last century. His book, De Veritate, was first published at Paris in 1624. This, together with his book De Causis Errorum, and his treatise De Religione Laici, were afterwards published in London. His celebrated work De Religione Gentilium was published at Amsterdam in 1603, in 4to. and in 1700, in 8vo.; and an English translation of it was published at London in 1705. As he was one of the first that formed deism into a system, and asserted the sufficiency, universality, and absolute perfection of natural religion, with a view to discard all extraordinary revelation, as useless and needless, we shall subjoin the five fundamental articles of this universal religion. They are these: 1. That there is one supreme God. 2. That he is chiefly to be worshipped. 3. That piety and virtue are the principal part of his worship. 4. That we must repent of our sins; and if we do so, God will pardon them. 5.

That there are rewards for good men, and pu nishments for bad men, both here and hereafter. The positions of this and many other deists have been examined with much ability by Dr. Leland, in his View of the Deistical Writers. But we are not sure that we need refer even our hesitating readers to this work, satisfactory as most of its arguments are. Many of the deistical writers would have been forgotten long before this, had they not been kept alive by Leland's book. We have always thought the preserving vipers in spirits a disgusting practice; and we are besides convinced that every correct reasoner, whose turn of mind is not biassed by previous indulgence in vice, on comparing the difficulties and supports of the purest deism (that of Herbert) with those of Christianity, will find abundant reason to prefer the latter, and to say in the language of Scrip ture, "Their rock is not as our rock, our enemies themselves being judges."

DEISTICAL. a. (from deist.) Belonging to the heresy of the deists (Watts).

DEITY. s. (deité, French.) 1. Divinity; the nature and essence of God (Hooker). 2. A fabulous god (Shakspeare). 3. The supposed divinity of a heathen god (Spenser).

DEKHER (John), a learned jesuit, and chancellor of the university of Gratz, in Stiria, where he died in 1619, aged 69. He wrote, 1. Velificatio, seu theomerata de anno ortus ac mortis Domini, 1616, 4to. 2. Tabula Chronographica, à captâ per Pompeium, Jerosolymiå ad deletam à Tito urbem, 1005, 4to.

DELACERATION. s. (from delacero, Lat.) A tearing in pieces.

DELACRYMATION. s. (delacrymatio, Lat.) The waterishness of the eyes.

DELACTATION. s. (delactatio, Lat.) A weaning from the breast.

DELANY (Patrick), a divine of consider. able learning and ingenuity. He was the son of a farmer in Ireland, and born in that kingdoin about 1686. His learning and degrees were acquired at Trinity college, Dublin, where also he was elected fellow. He formed an early intimacy with Dean Swift, in whose works are some slight pieces, mostly humour. ous, of Dr. Delany's. He obtained some church preferment from lord Carteret; and in 1732, published in London his work entitled Revelation examined with Candour; and the same year he married. In 1738 appeared his Reflections upon Polygamy. His next publication was the Life of David, King of Israel; which is an ingenious and elaborate performance. (See DAVID.) In 1743 he married a second wife, who was the widow of Mr. Pendarves of Cornwall. The year following he obtained the deanery of Downe. When lord Orrery published his Remarks on the Life and Writings of Swift, Dr. Delany conceived it expedient to give a reply, which he did with great spirit; and his performance certainly affords a better idea of the dean than can be obtained from that of lord Orrery. He continued publishing something or other nearly till his death, which happened at Bath in 1768. His Ser

mons on Social Duties are very excellent. Indeed all his works exhibit tokens of real piety, as well as of vigorous understanding. His Revelation Examined is an admirable performance, being a complete and eloquent refutation of many of the grand arguments of the deists. DELAPSE. In medicine. See PRO

LAPSE.

DELA'PSED. a. (from delapsus, Latin.) Bearing or falling down.

To DELATE. v. a. (from delatus, Latin.) 1. To carry; to convey (Bacon). 2. To accuse; to inform against.

DELATION. s. (delatio, Lat.) 1. A carriage; conveyance (Bacon. 2. An accusation; an impeachment.

DELA'TOR. s. (delator, Lat.) An accuser; au informer (Government of the Tongue).

DELAWARE, one of the United States of America, bounded on the N. by Pennsylvania, on the E. by Delaware river and bay, and on the S. and W. by Maryland. It is ninety miles long, and sixteen broad; and in many parts is unhealthy, being seated in a peninsula where the land is generally low. It is divided into three counties, Newcastle, Kent, and Sussex. In 1790 the number of inhabitants was 59 094. DELAWARE, a county of Pennsylvania, twenty miles long, and eleven broad. 1790 it contained 9,483 inhabitants. Chester is the capital.

In

puty; a commissioner; a vicar; any one that is sent to act for another (Taylor).

DELEGATE. a. (delegatus, Lat.) Deputed; sent to act for another (Taylor).

DELEGATES (Court of). A court wherein all causes of appeal, by way of devolution from either of the archbishops, are decided (Ayliffe).

DELEGATION. s. (delegatio, Lat.) 1.
GATI
A sending away. 2. A putting in commission.
3. The assignment of a debt to another.

DELENI'FICAL. a. (delenificus, Latin.)
Having virtue to assuage or ease pain.

To DELETE. v. a. (from deleo, Latin.) To blot out.

DELETERIOUS. (deleterius, g from daw, to hurt or injure.) Those substances are so called, which are of a baneful or poisonous nature.

DELETERY. a. Destructive; deadly (IIu

diuras).

DELETION. s. (deletio, Latin.) 1. Act of raising or blotting out. 2. A destruction (fale).

DELF, DELFE. s. (from delfan, Saxon, to dig.) 1. A mine; a quarry (Ray). 2. Earthen ware; counterfeit China ware, inade at Delft in Holland (Smart).

DELFT, a city of the United Provinces, and capital of Delftland, in Holland. It is clean and well built, with canals in the streets. DELAWARE, a river of N. America, which It is noted for its manufacture of earthen ware, rising in the state of New York, in lake Ustay-known by the name of Delft-ware. Lat. 52. antho, divides New York from Pennsylvania, 4 N. Lon. 4. 24 E. and passes through Delaware bay to the AtJantic, having New Jersey on the E. side, and Pennsylvania, and the state of Delaware, on the W. From the mouth of this very extensive bay, at Cape Henlopen, to Philadelphia, it is 118 miles, with a sufficient depth of water for a seventy-four gun ship; above Philadelphia it is navigable for sloops up to the great falls at Trenton, and for boats that carry eight or ten tons, forty miles higher.

To DELA'Y. v. a. (from delayer, French.) 1. To defer; to put off (Exodus). 2. To hinder; to frustrate. 3. To stop or retard the course of (Dryden).

To DELAY. v. n. To stop; to cease from action (Locke).

DELA'Y. s. (from the verb.) 1. A deferring; procrastination (Shakspearc). 2. Stay; stop (Dryden).

DELA'YER.s (from delay.) One that de

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DELFT-WARE, a kind of pottery of baked earth, covered with an enamel or white glazing, which gives it the appearance and neatness of porcelain. Some kinds of this enamelled pottery differ much from others, either in their sustaining sudden heat without breaking, or in the beauty and regularity of their forms, of their enamel, and of the painting with which they are ornamented. In general, the fine and beautiful enamelled potteries, which approach the nearest to porcelain in external appearance, are at the same time those which least resist a brisk fire. Again, those which sustain a sudden heat are coarse, and resemble common pottery.

The basis of this pottery is clay, which is mixed, when too fat, with such a quantity of sand, that the earth shall preserve enough of its ductility to be worked, moulded, and turned easily; and yet that its fatness shall be sufficiently taken from it, that it may not crack or shrink too much in drying or in baking. Vessels formed of this earth must be dried very gently, to avoid cracking. They are then to be placed in a furnace to receive a slight baking, which is only meant to give them a certain consistence or hardness. And, lastly, they are to be covered with an enamel or glazing, which is done, by putting upon the vessels thus prepared the enamel, which has been ground very fine, and diluted with water.

As vessels on which the enamel is applied are but slightly baked, they readily imbibe the water in which the enamel is suspended, and a layer of this enamel adheres to their surface: these

vessels may then be painted with colours composed of metallic calces, mixed and ground with a fusible glass. When they are become perfectly dry, they are to be placed in the furnace, included in cases of baked earth called seggars, and exposed to a heat capable of fusing uniformly the enamel which covers them. This heat given to fuse the enamel being much stronger than that which was applied at first to give some consistence to the ware, is also the heat necessary to complete the baking of it. The furnace and colours used for painting this ware are the same as those employed for porcelain.

DELHI. In geography. See DEHLI. DELIA, in antiquity, a festival celebrated in the island of Delos, every fifth year, in honour of Apollo.

DELIA, a surname of Diana.

DELIÁC, DELIACUS, among the ancients, a poulterer, or one who fattened and sold fowls: they were so called because the people of the isle of Delos first followed that occupation. DELIACAL, or DELIAN PROBLEM. See DUPLICATION.

DELIBAMENTA, in antiquity, a libation offered to the infernal gods, which was always poured downwards; hence this act was expressed by the word defundere.

DELIBATION. s. (delibatio, Lat.) An es

say; a taste.

To DELIBERATE. v. a. (delibero, Lat.) To think, in order to choice; to hesitate (Addison).

DELIBERATE. a. (deliberatus, Lat.) 1. Circumspect; wary; advised; discreet (Shakspeare). 2. Slow; tedious; gradual (Hooker). DELIBERATELY. ad. 1. Circumspectly; advisedly; warily (Dryden). 2. Slowly; gradually.

"DELIBERATENESS. s. Circumspection; wariness; coolness; caution (King Charles). DELIBERATION. s. (deliberatio, Latin.) The act of deliberating; thought in order to choice (Hammond).

DELIBERATIVE. a. (deliberatinus, Lat.) Pertaining to deliberation; apt to consider. DELIBERATIVE. s. (from the adjective.) The discourse in which a question is deliberated (Bacon).

DELICACY. s. (delicatesse, French.) 1. Daintiness; pleasantness to the taste (Milton). 2. Any thing highly pleasing to the senses (Milton). 3. Softness; feminine beauty (Sidney). 4. Nicety; ininute accuracy (Dryden). 5. Neatness; elegance of dress. 6. Politeness of manners. 7. Indulgence; gentle treat. ment (Temple). 8. Tenderness; scrupulousness (Addison). 9. Weakness of constitution. 10. Smallness; tenuity.

DELICATE. a. (delicat, French.) 1. Nice; pleasing to the taste; of an agreeable flavour (Taylor). 2. Dainty; desirous of cu rious meats. 3. Choice; select; excellent. 4. Pleasing to the senses. 5. Fine; consisting of small parts (Arbuthnot). 6. Of polite manners; not gross, or coarse. 7. Soft; ef

feminate; unable to bear hardships (Shakspeare). 8. Pure; clear (Shakspeure).

DELICATELY. ad. 1. Beautifully; with soft elegance (Pope). 2. Finely, not coarsely. 3. Daintily (Taylor). 4. Choicely. 5. Politely. 6. Effeminately.

DELICATENESS. s. (from delicate.) The state of being delicate; tenderness; softmess; effeminacy (Duteronomy).

DELICATES. s. (from delicate.) Niceties; raretics; that which is choice and dainty (King).

DÉLICES. s. pl. (delicia, Lat.) Pleasures (Spenser).

DELICIOUS. a. (delicieux, Fr.) Sweet; delicate; that affords delight; agreeable (Pope).

DELICIOUSLY. ad. Sweetly; pleasantly; delightfully (Revelation).

DELICIOUSNESS. 8. (from delicious.) Delight; pleasure; joy (Taylor).

DELIGATION. s. (deligatio, Latin.) A binding up, in surgery (Wiseman).

DELIGHT. s. (delice, French.) 1. Joy; content; satisfaction (Samuel). 2. That which gives delight (Shakspeare).

TO DELIGHT. v. a. (delector, Latin.) To please; to content; to satisfy (Locke).

To DELIGHT. v. n. To have delight or pleasure in (Psalms).

DELIGHTFUL. a. (from delight and full.) Pleasant; charming (Sidney).

DELIGHTFULLY.ad. pleasantly; charm ingly; with delight (Milton).

DELIGHTFULNESS. s. (from delight.) Pleasure; comfort; sati-faction (Tillotson). DELIGHTSOME. a. a. (fron delight.) Pleasant; delightful (Grew).

DELIGHTSOMELY. ad. Pleasantly; in a delightful manner.

DELIGHTSOMENESS. s. (from delightsome.) Pleasantness; delightfulness.

DELIMA. In botany. See TETRACERA. To DELINEATE. v. a. (delineo, Latin.) 1. To make the first draught of a thing; to design; to sketch. 2. To paint; to represent a true likeness in picture (Brown). 3. To describe; to set forth in a lively manner (Raleigh).

DELINEATION. s. (delineatio, Latin.) The first draught of a thing (Mortimer). DELINQUENCY. s. (delinquentia, Lat.) A fault; a failure in duty (Sandys). DELINQUENT. s. (from delinquens, Lat.) An offender (Ben Jonson).

78 DELIQUATE. v. n. (deliqueo, Latin.) To melt; to be dissolved (Cudworth).

DELIQUATION. s. (deliquatio, Lat.) A melting; a dissolving.

DELIQUESCENCE, deliquation, or the gradually melting down of crystallized salts, from exposure to the air.

DELIQUIUM, the liquid state, into which a salt is reduced by exposure to the air. Thus alkali reduced by this means to a liquid state was formerly called oil of tartar, per deliquium. DELIQUIUM ANIMI. See SYNCOPE,

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