## The elements of plane geometry, from the Sansk. text of Ayra Bhatta, ed. by Jasoda Nandan Sircar1878 |

### From inside the book

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**Let**ABCD be a circle and F its centre .**Let**AC a straight line pass through the centre and be terminated both ways by the circumference at the points A and C. AC divides the circle ABCD into two equal parts**ABC**and ADC . A * Given a ... Page 8

Āryabhaṭa Jasoda Nauden Sircar. For if ADC be applied to

Āryabhaṭa Jasoda Nauden Sircar. For if ADC be applied to

**ABC**, they coincide . But things which coincide , that is , exactly fill the same space are equal ( Ax . VI ) . But if ADC do not coincide with**ABC**,**let**them stand as indicated ... Page 9

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**ABC**and ADC ( P. 1 ) ; and**ABC**is a half of the circle . Again because BD is a diameter therefore it divides the ...**let**a part of the radius FA fall beyond the arc CD . But that is impos- sible . Because , in that case , a part of the radius ... Page 10

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**Let ABC**, DEF be two trianglès , which have the two A A B base BC is equal to the sides AB , AC equal to the two sides DE , DF , each to each ; that is , AB to DE , and AC to DF ; and the angle BAC equal to the angle EDF . Then the ... Page 11

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**let ABC**be an isosceles triangle , having the sides AB and AC equal . The angle at B is equal to the angle at C. D From the centre A with AB or AC , draw a circle BCFD . Produce BA and g CA and make AF and AD equal to BA or CA ( def . 6 ...### Common terms and phrases

AB is equal AC is equal angle ABC angle ADB angle BAC angle DEF angle EDF angles are equal arc BC base BC base CD bisected centre circle ABCD circumference coincide conversely diameter draw duplicate ratio equal angles equal Ax equal to AC equiangular equimultiples Euclid exterior angle figure described fore given straight lines greater Hindoo Geometry homologous isosceles triangle Join Let ABC mean proportionals multiple opposite angles parallel parallelogram AC perpendicular point F polygon produced Q. E. D. Cor Q.E.D. PROP rectangle contained rectilineal figure regular polygon remaining angle right angles sector BGC sector EHF segment semicircle side BC square of BC straight line &c THEOREM third angle touches the circle triangle ABC Wherefore whole angle

### Popular passages

Page 10 - If two triangles have two sides of the one equal to two sides of the...

Page 39 - All the interior angles of any rectilineal figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.

Page 5 - When a straight line standing on another straight line makes the adjacent angles equal to one another, each of the angles is called a right angle ; and the straight line which stands on the other is called a perpendicular to it.

Page 40 - ... figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has be divided into as many triangles as the figure has sides, by drawing straight lines from a point F within the figure to each of its angles.

Page 79 - THE rectangle contained by the diagonals of a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle, is equal to both the rectangles contained by its opposite sides.* Let ABCD be any quadrilateral inscribed in a circle, and join AC, BD ; the.

Page 74 - Any two sides of a triangle are together greater than the third side.

Page 47 - In every triangle, the square on the side subtending either of the acute angles, is less than the squares on the sides containing that angle, by twice the rectangle contained by either of these sides, and the straight line intercepted between the...

Page 53 - ... figures are to one another in the duplicate ratio of their homologous sides.

Page 62 - ... in a segment less than a semicircle, is greater than a right angle...

Page 59 - The angles in the same segment of a circle are equal to one another.