## The University Arithmetic: Embracing the Science of Numbers, and Their Numerous Applications |

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### Common terms and phrases

acres added amount arithmetical base bill bought bushel called cent ciphers cloth contain cost cube cubic decimal denominator diameter difference Divide dividend division divisor dollars English entire equal exact EXAMPLES exchange expressed factors feet figures five foot four fourth fraction French gain gallons given gives gold greater Hence higher hundred inches interest kind least common length less lowest measure method miles millions mills mixed months multiplicand Multiply named nine OPERATION paid payment pence period person pound principal proportion quotient received Reduce remainder repetend root rule seven share shillings shows side simple solid square subtract taken tens thing third thousand units weight whole number wine write written yards

### Popular passages

Page 36 - The circumference of every circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts, called degrees ; each degree into 60 equal parts, called minutes ; and each minute into 60 equal parts, called seconds.

Page 345 - What are the contents of a square prism, each side of the square which forms the base being 15, and the altitude of the prism 20 feet?

Page 116 - To reduce an improper fraction to a whole or mixed number, Divide the numerator by the denominator.

Page 35 - Thirty days hath September, April, June, and November ; All the rest have thirty-one, Except the second month alone, Which has but twenty-eight, in fine, Till leap year gives it twenty-nine.

Page 67 - We have seen that multiplying by a whole number is taking the multiplicand as many times as there are units in the multiplier.

Page 161 - When a decimal number is to be divided by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the left as there are ciphers in the divisor, and if there be not figures enough in the number, prefix ciphers.

Page 160 - RULE. Divide as in whole numbers, and from the right hand of the quotient point off as many places for decimals as the decimal places in the dividend exceed those in the divisor.

Page 338 - The area of a triangle is equal to half the product of its base by its altitude.

Page 105 - If you divide the denominator by 2, how do you affect the parts ? If you divide it by 3 ? By 4 ? By 5 ? By 6 ? By 7 ? By 8 ? Repeat the proposition. How may a fraction be multiplied by a whole number ? EXAMPLES.

Page 112 - The least common multiple of two or more numbers, is the least number which they will separately divide without a remainder.