Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 31, 1993 - Science - 260 pages
Among the fishes, a remarkably wide range of biological adaptations to diverse habitats has evolved. As well as living in the conventional habitats of lakes, ponds, rivers, rock pools and the open sea, fish have solved the problems of life in deserts, in the deep sea, in the cold antarctic, and in warm waters of high alkalinity or of low oxygen. Along with these adaptations, we find the most impressive specializations of morphology, physiology and behaviour. For example we can marvel at the high-speed swimming of the marlins, sailfish and warm-blooded tunas, air-breathing in catfish and lung fish, parental care in the mouth-brooding cichlids and viviparity in many sharks and toothcarps. Moreover, fish are of considerable importance to the survival of the human species in the form of nutritious, delicious and diverse food. Rational exploitation and management of our global stocks of fishes must rely upon a detailed and precise insight of their biology. The Chapman & Hall Fish and Fisheries Series aims to present timely volumes reviewing important aspects of fish biology. Most volumes will be of interest to research workers in biology, zoology, ecology and physiology but an additional aim is for the books to be accessible to a wide spectrum of non-specialist readers ranging from undergraduates and postgraduates to those with an intrerest in industrial and commercial aspects of fish and fisheries.
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body axis and fins
history and methods
swimming movements stride by stride
work from muscles
exchange of forces between fish
The costs of swimming
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Common terms and phrases
acceleration activity amount amplitude angle animals approximately average axis bending body body length caudal caused changes Chapter close compared connected contraction costs curvature curve cycle decreases described direction distance dorsal drag effect endurance energy equation example extremely fin ray fish fish swimming flow force forward frame frequency function groups head higher horizontal important increases indicated kinematic lateral lateral muscles layer length mackerel mass maximum measured motion move movements muscle fibres myotomes needed pattern pectoral fins period phase position propulsive range reaches relative represents running saithe scales shape shortening shows side skin species stride length structure studies surface swimmers swimming speeds Table tail tail beat teleosts temperature thick thin trout types unit usually values velocity vertebral Videler Wardle wave
Page 229 - Brett, JR (1972). The metabolic demand for oxygen in fish, particularly salmonids, and a comparison with other vertebrates.
Page 232 - He, P. and Wardle, CS (1988) Endurance at intermediate swimming speeds of Atlantic mackerel, Scomber scombrus L., herring, Clupea harengus L.. and saithe, Pollachius virens L.
Page 232 - KA (1983). Distribution and relative proportions of red muscle in scombrid fishes: consequences of body size and relationships to locomotion and endothermy.
Page 228 - Impact of diet on metabolism and swimming performance In juvenile lake trout, Salvelinus namaycush.
Page 236 - The influence of hunger and ration level on shoal density, polarization and swimming speed of herring, Clupea harengus L CJRobinson, TJ Pitcher (Sch.
Page 228 - JJ 1985. Influence of temperature and current speed on the swimming capacity of lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) and cisco (C. artedii).
Page 237 - SHANN (EW), 1914 : On the nature of the lateral muscle in Teleostei.
References to this book
The Diversity of Fishes
Gene Helfman,Bruce Collette,Douglas Facey
No preview available - 1997
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Tuna: Physiology, Ecology, and Evolution
Barbara Ann Block,Ernest Donald Stevens,William S. Hoar
Limited preview - 2001