Elementary Building Construction and Drawing
Longmans, Green, and Company, 1889 - Building - 252 pages
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Common terms and phrases
adding angles arch bead beam boards bolt bond bottom braces brick brick wall brickwork building built carried ceiling centre CHAPTER colour common construction course covered cross section door double Draw dressed edge elevation example face feet figure fillet fixed flat floor foot frame frequently girder Give given in fig groove gutter half head horizontal illustrated inches iron joints joists king post known laid latter lead lines lower material means method mortise moulded nailed names necessary opening panel partition piece placed plaster plate portion position prevent principal projecting purlin rafters rail rebated rest ridge roll roof round rubble sash scale secured sheet showing shown in fig side sill single slates space span square stile stone struts supported surface tenon termed thick timber tongued truss upper usually vertical wall weight wide window wood
Page 237 - Subject III. — Building Construction. As the object of this Course of Instruction is to lay the foundation of a sound knowledge of the principles, as well as of the practice, of Building Construction, and so lead the workman to labour with his head at the same time as with his hands, the teacher should not, necessarily, attempt to push the students through the whole of the subjects enumerated in this syllabus, but should limit the range of his tuition according to the time at his command and the...
Page 238 - ... drawing : and the meaning of such terms as plan, elevation (front, back, or side), section, sectional elevation. He should understand the object of bond in brickwork, ie English bond, Flemish bond, or English bond with Flemish facing, and how it is attained in walls up to three bricks thick, in the following instances — viz. footings with offsets, angles of buildings, connection of external and internal walls, window and door openings with reveals and square jambs, external gauged arches (camber,...
Page 238 - He should be able to draw, from given dimensions, single, double, and framed floors, with or without ceilings beneath them ; showing modes of supporting, stiffening, and framing the timbers, trimming round hearths and wells of stairs ; also floor coverings of boards or battens, rebated and filleted, ploughed and tongued, and laid folding, with straight or broken joints, bevelled or square heading joints.
Page 122 - If any gutter, any part of which is formed of combustible materials, adjoins an external wall, then such wall must be carried up so as to form a parapet one foot at the least above the highest part of such gutter, and the thickness of the parapet so carried up must be at the least eight and a half inches, reckoned from the level of the under side of the gutter plate.
Page 238 - ... openings. He should be able to draw in elevation, and give vertical and horizontal sections of, solid door frames and window frames. He should be able to describe, by drawings, headings of different kinds, dovetailing, cross-grooving, rebating, plough-grooving, chamfering, rounded nosing, and housings.
Page 239 - The value attached to each question is shown in brackets after the question. But a full and correct answer to an easy question will in all cases secure a larger number of marks than an incomplete or inexact answer to a more difficult one.
Page 240 - You are only permitted to attempt seven questions. You must attempt three of the first four questions. The remaining four you may select from any part of the paper.