## The Elements of Arithmetic, Oral and Written: Designed for Pupils in the Third and Fourth Grades of City Schools |

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### Common terms and phrases

20 cents acres acres of land added amount bales barrels of flour bill bought boys bushels called cents a pound ciphers cloth column contained cost cubic decimal difference Divide dividend divisible divisor dollars DRILL earn eight equal examples EXERCISES expressed factors farm farmer feet fifths figures Find five foot four fourth fractions gain gallons gave give given greater Hence horses hundreds inches increase integers interest least common less manner measure merchant miles minuend months multiplicand Multiply OPERATION ORAL paid pair partial period piece prime factors pupil quarts quotient receive Reduce remainder represents result rods sell seven SLATE sold subtract subtrahend sugar TABLE tens third thousand tons of coal units week weighing whole wide worth write yards

### Popular passages

Page 82 - TIME 60 seconds (sec.) = 1 minute (min.) 60 minutes =1 hour (hr.) 24...

Page 106 - I. Cut off the ciphers from the right of the divisor, and as many figures from the right of the dividend. II. Divide the remaining part of the dividend by the of the divisor.

Page 162 - RULE. I. Write the subtrahend under the minuend, so that units of the same denomination shall stand under each other.

Page 114 - The pupil should be required to illustrate the following problems by original examples : 1. Given, several numbers, to find their sum. 2. Given, the sum of several numbers and all of them but one, to find that one. 3. Given, two numbers, to find their difference.

Page 163 - RULE. Multiply as in whole numbers, and from the right hand of the product point off as many figures for decimals as there are decimal places in both factors.

Page 126 - Divide the product of the remaining factors of the dividend by the product of the remaining factors of the divisor, and the result will be tlie quotient.

Page 121 - Divide the less number by the remainder, the last divisor by the last remainder, and so on, till nothing remains. The last divisor will be the greatest common divisor sought.

Page 97 - It is read equals, or equal to ; thus, 5 + 6 = 11, is read 5 plus 6 equals 11. It may be read 5 and 6 arc 11. 64. An Equation is an expression of equality between two numbers or sets of numbers. All that is written before the sign of equality is called the first member of the equation, all that is written after the sign of equality is called the second member.

Page 119 - The Greatest Common Divisor of two or more numbers is the greatest number that will exactly divide each of them. Thu4, 18 is the greatest, common divisor of 36 and 54, since it is the greatest number that will divide each of them without a remainder.

Page 164 - RULE. Divide as in whole numbers, and from the right hand of the quotient point off as many places for decimals as the decimal places in the dividend exceed those in the divisor.