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able abstract affirmed agree agreement or disagreement allow appear arguments assent assurance authority believe body called carry cause certain certainty clear complex concerning conclusion connexion consider consists demonstration deny depend determined discover discovery distinct doubt equal error essence eternal evidence examine existence experience faculties faith farther follow force forms foundation give gold grounds hath ideas immediately impossible instance judge judgment knowledge known least ledge less light look matter maxims means men's mind motion natural necessary never objects observe opinions particular perceive perception perfect perhaps positions principles probability produce proofs propositions prove qualities question rational reason received revelation rules sciences self-evident senses serve side signification simple sort stand substances suppose syllogism taken testimony thing thought tion true truth understanding universal wherein whole
Page 149 - Reason is natural revelation, whereby the eternal Father of light, and fountain of all knowledge, communicates to mankind that portion of truth which he has laid within the reach of their natural faculties. Revelation is natural reason enlarged by a new set of discoveries, communicated by God immediately, which reason vouches the truth of, by the testimony and proofs it gives, that they come from God...
Page 222 - I have mentioned mathematics as a way to settle in the mind a habit of reasoning closely and in train; not that I think it necessary that all men should be deep mathematicians, but that having got the way of reasoning, which that study necessarily brings the mind to, they might be able to transfer it to other parts of knowledge as they shall have occasion.30 For in all sorts of reasoning every single argument should be managed as a mathematical demonstration; the connection and dependence of ideas...
Page 28 - ... neither oblique nor rectangle, neither equilateral, equicrural, nor scalenon: but all and none of these at once. In effect, it is something imperfect, that cannot exist; an idea wherein some parts of several different and inconsistent ideas are put together.
Page 112 - ... we may as well doubt of our own being, as we can, whether any revelation from God be true. So that faith is> a settled and sure principle of assent and assurance, and leaves no manner of room for doubt or hesitation. Only we must be sure, that it be a divine revelation, and that we understand it right...
Page 139 - Thou art, of what sort the eternal life of the saints was to be, which eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, nor hath it entered into the heart of man to conceive.
Page 117 - ... taken for the only proper instrument of reason and means of knowledge ; it will follow, that before Aristotle there was not one man that did or could know...
Page 98 - Secondly, the testimony of others, vouching their observation and experience. In the testimony of others is to be considered, 1. The number. 2. The integrity. 3. The skill of the witnesses. 4. The design of the author, where it is a testimony out of a book cited. 5. The consistency of the parts and circumstances of the relation. 6. Contrary testimonies.
Page 113 - THE word REASON in the English language has different significations: sometimes it is taken for true and clear principles: sometimes for clear and fair deductions from those principles: and sometimes for the cause, and particularly the final cause. But the consideration I shall have of it here is in a signification different from all these; and that is, as it stands for a faculty in man, that faculty whereby man is supposed to be distinguished from beasts, and wherein it is evident he much surpasses...
Page 146 - For, to this crying up of faith in opposition to reason, we may, I think, in good measure ascribe those absurdities that fill almost all the religions which possess and divide mankind. For men, having been principled with an opinion that they must not consult reason in the things of religion, however apparently contradictory to common sense and the very principles of all their knowledge, have let loose their fancies and natural superstition, and have been by them led into...
Page 2 - And that which makes it yet harder to treat of mental and verbal propositions separately, is, that most men, if not all, in their thinking and reasonings within themselves, make use of words instead of ideas, at least when the subject of their meditation contains in it complex ideas.