General History of Civilization in Europe: From the Fall of the Roman Empire to the French Revolution

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D. Appleton, 1856 - Europe - 316 pages
 

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Page 210 - European society into one social body, must have been much less active and effective in Germany than in any other nation. I have now run over all the great attempts at political organization which were made in Europe, down to the end of the fourteenth or beginning of the fifteenth century.
Page 48 - At the end of the fourth century, and the beginning of the fifth, Christianity was no longer a simple belief, it was an institution — it had formed itself into a corporate body.
Page 25 - Wherever the exterior condition of man becomes enlarged, quickened, and improved ; wherever the intellectual nature of man distinguishes itself by its energy, brilliancy, and its grandeur ; wherever these two signs concur, and they often do so, notwithstanding the gravest imperfections in the social system, there man proclaims and applauds civilization.
Page 301 - PHILOSOPHY OF SIR WILLIAM HAMILTON, BART., Professor of Logic and Metaphysics in Edinburgh University. Arranged and edited by 0. W. WIGHT, Translator of Cousin's "History of Modern Philosophy.
Page 15 - BEING called upon to give a course of lectures, and having considered what subject would be most agreeable and convenient to fill up the short space allowed us from now to the close of the year, it has occurred to me that a general sketch of the History of Modern Europe, considered more especially with regard to the progress of civilization — that a general survey of the history of European civilization, of its origin, its progress, its end, its character, would be the most profitable subject upon...
Page 30 - Human societies are born, live, and die, upon the earth; there they accomplish their destinies. But they contain not the whole man. After his engagement to society there still remains in him the more noble part of his nature ; those high faculties by which he elevates himself to God, to a future life, and to the unknown blessings of an invisible world.
Page 94 - ... caste. The celibacy of the clergy of itself renders the application of this term to the Christian Church altogether improper. The important consequences of this distinction cannot have escaped you. To the system of castes, to the circumstance of inheritance, certain peculiar privileges are necessarily attached ; the very definition of caste implies this. Where the same functions, the same powers become hereditary in the same families, it is evident that they possess peculiar privileges, which...
Page 39 - Europe the diversity of the elements of social order, the incapability of any one to exclude the rest, gave birth to the liberty which now prevails. The inability of the various principles to exterminate one another compelled each to endure the others, made it necessary for them to live in common, for them to enter into a sort of mutual understanding. Each consented to have only that part of civilization which fell to its share. Thus, while everywhere else the predominance of one principle has produced...
Page 231 - The period of our inquiry must extend from the beginning of the sixteenth to the middle of the seventeenth century ; for this period embraces, so to speak, the life of this event from its birth to its termination. All historical events have in some sort a determinate career. Their consequences are prolonged...
Page 27 - But reverse this hypothesis: suppose the moral development in progress. What do the men who labor for it generally hope for ? What, at the origin of societies, have the founders of religion, the sages, poets, and philosophers, who have labored to regulate and refine the manners of mankind, promised themselves ? What but the melioration of the social condition; the more equitable distribution of the blessings of life ? What, now, let me ask, should be inferred from this dispute and from those hopes...

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