## The student's algebra |

### From inside the book

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**shillings**; then 2x = the sum he gave to the second ; 3x and 4x the sum he gave to the third ; the sum he gave to the fourth ; .. x + 2x + 3x + 4x = 20 , or 10x = 20 ; x = 20 = 20 = 2 ; 10 hence , 2s . 4s . 6s . and 8s . he gave to each ... Page 62

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**shillings**; = then x + 5 = B's share in**shillings**; x + 7 and +1 C's share in**shillings**; D's share in**shillings**; now , the sum to be divided being one**shilling**more than eight times A's share ; .. 8x + 1 = the sum to be divided ... Page 63

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**shillings**; also , 12 - x = the number at 15s . a head , and 15. ( 12 - x ) , or 180-15x = their price ; .. 23x + 180-15x = 212 ; by transposition , 23x - 15x = 212-180 , or 8x = 32 ; .. , x = 4 ; , . whence , there were 4 at 23s : and ... Page 66

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**shillings**; 1 1 3 1 3 . • 3x x : 4 3x = the sum B paid in**shillings**, the sum C paid in**shillings**, 3 • 1 x : = 6 the sum D paid in**shillings**; 3.x ... x + + + = 3x x 4 5 2 20 ; clearing the equation of fractions , 20x + 15x + 12x + 10x ... Page 72

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**shillings**amongst some poor men , women , and children ; each man received twelve pence , each woman nine pence , and each child three pence . Now , if there had been two women more , there would have been twice as ma- ny women as men ...### Common terms and phrases

5th power added Algebra Algebraist answer the conditions arithmetical progression axiom bushels coefficient completing the square compound quantity cube root denominator difference digits dividend divisor equa EXAMPLES FOR PRACTICE extracting the root extracting the square find the values Find two numbers four numbers four quantities fourth power gained gallons geometrical progression given equation hence least common multiple lues miles multiplying this equation number of yards Pure Quadratics QUADRATIC EQUATIONS quan quantities be proportionals question quired quotient radical sign ratio remainder Required each person's Required the cube Required the length Required the number Required the price Required the sides Required the square second equation second term shillings Simple Equations simple quantity sold solution square root squaring each side substituting this value subtracted surd quantity Theorem third three numbers transposing transposition unknown quantity values of x vulgar fraction whence whole number yards of silk

### Popular passages

Page 13 - If four magnitudes are in proportion, the sum of the first and second is to their difference as the sum of the third and fourth is to their difference.

Page 11 - Ratio is the relation which one quantity bears to another in respect of magnitude, the comparison being made by considering what multiple, part, or parts, one is of the other.

Page 14 - If any number of quantities are proportional, any antecedent is to its consequent as the sum of all the antecedents is to the sum of all the consequents. Let a : b = c : d = e :f Now ab = ab (1) and by Theorem I.

Page 79 - Prob. 3. Find two numbers, the greater of which shall be to the less, as their sum to 42 ; and as their difference to 6.

Page 13 - If the first magnitude be the same multiple of the second that the third is of the fourth, and the fifth the same multiple of the second that the sixth is of the fourth...

Page 40 - Sib., his head weighs as much as his tail and half his body, and his body weighs as much as his head and his tail ; what is the whole weight of the fish ? . Aas.

Page 13 - In any proportion, the product of the means is equal to the product of the extremes.

Page 13 - Composition, when the sum of the first and second is to the second as the sum of...

Page 80 - A farmer with 28 bushels of barley at 2s. 4d. per bushel, would mix rye at 3 shillings per bushel, and wheat at 4 shillings per bushel, so that the whole mixture may consist of 100 bushels, and be worth 3s. 4d. per bushel. How many bushels of rye, and how many of wheat must he mix with the barley ? Ans.