13. A farmer sold a cow for 22 dollars, a ton of hay for 11 dollars, and a calf for 7 dollars; what did he receive for all? 14. A traveler walked 30 miles one day, 26 miles the next, and 21 miles the next; how many miles did he travel in the three days? 15. One day Sarah wrote 18 lines, Maria 16, and Carrie 15; how many lines did they all write? 16. A man gave 60 dollars for a horse, 23 dollars for a saddle, and 9 dollars for a bridle; what was the cost of the whole ? 17. Rollin received 36 new cents on his birthday, 34 on Christmas day, and 27 on New Year's day; how many cents did he receive? 18. A man bought a piece of land for 56 dollars, and paid 25 dollars for fencing it; for how much must he sell it to gain 15 dollars? 19. Amasa, going into the orchard, found 12 ripe apples under one tree, 15 under another, 11 under another, and 9 under another; how many apples did he find under the four trees? 20. A grocer bought some hams for 20 dollars, some oats for 19 dollars, some fowls for 16 dollars, and five barrels of apples for 10 dollars; what did he pay for all? 21. A miller shipped by railroad 28 barrels of flour at one time, 37 at another, and 40 at another; how many barrels did he ship? 22. If Lucian gave 45 cents for a penknife, 15 cents for some paper, 12 cents for a folder, and 7 cents for some wafers, what did the whole cost him? 23. A drover bought 26 sheep of one man, 30 of another, 37 of another, and 40 of another; how many sheep did he purchase? 24. Bought a horse for 75 dollars, and sold him so as to gain 25 dollars; how much did I receive for 25. A lady went shopping, and bought a silk dress for 22 dollars, a muff for 16 dollars, a shawl for 14 dollars, and had 7 dollars left; how much money had she at first? 26. Peleg bought a knife for 35 cents; he gave the knife and 12 cents for a sled, which he sold so as to gain 10 cents on the cost; how much did he receive for the sled ? 27. In a certain orchard are 31 apple trees, 27 peach trees, and 19 pear trees; how many trees in the orchard? 28. A farmer raised 54 bushels of wheat, 66 bushels of oats, and 40 bushels of corn; how many bushels of grain did he raise? 29. If it be 62 feet from the ground to the belfry of a church, and 76 feet from the belfry to the top of the steeple, how high is the top of the steeple from the ground? 30. In March are 31 days, in April 30, in May 31; how many days in those three months? 31. If a farm contain 83 acres of cleared land and 25 acres of wood land, how many acres are in the whole farm? 32. The distance from Boston to Worcester is 44 miles, from Worcester to Warren 29 miles, and from Warren to Springfield 25 miles; how many miles from Boston to Springfield? 33. Batavia is 37 miles west from Rochester, and 31 miles east from Buffalo by railroad; what is the distance from Rochester to Buffalo? 34. A tailor bought three pieces of cloth, the first containing 29 yards, the second 26 yards, and the third 25 yards; how many yards did the three pieces contain? 35. A mechanic sold a carriage for 15 dollars, and a sleigh for 48 dollars; what did he receive for both? 36. A soldier was 33 years of age when he engaged in the battle of New Orleans; what was his age 44 years after? 37. A farmer received 29 dollars for some pork, 18 dollars for some hay, 15 dollars for some oats, and 12 dollars for four cords of wood; how many dollars did he receive for the whole ? 38. Thomas hoed 13 rows of corn, Lyman 16 rows, Cyrus 14 rows, and Warren 10 rows; how many rows did they all hoe? 39. A gentleman gave 30 dollars for a coat, 7 dollars for a vest, 11 dollars for a pair of pantaloons, and 5 dollars for a hat; what was the cost of all? 40. Paid 60 dollars for a carriage, which, with 25 dollars, I gave for a horse; paid 12 dollars for his keeping, and then sold him for 20 dollars more than he cost me; for how much did I sell him? 41. A man deposited 40 dollars in a bank, which was 15 dollars less than his neighbor deposited at the same time; how much did both deposit? CHAPTER II. SUBTRACTION. 8. 1. JAMES, having 5 cents, gave 2 cents for a pencil; how many cents had he left? ANALYSIS. He had left the difference between 5 cents and 2 cents, which is 3 cents. Therefore, since James had 5 cents, and gave 2 cents for a pencil, he had 3 cents left. 2. Mary had 3 peaches, and ate 1 of them; how many had she left? 3. Ella had 6 pinks, and gave her sister 2; how many had she left? 4. On a rose bush were 7 roses, and Eliza picked 3 of them; how many were left? 5. A man bought 10 sheep and sold 5 of them; how many had he left? 6. A bad boy robbed a bird's nest of 7 eggs, and broke 4 of them; how many remained unbroken? 7. If there are 8 pigs in pen, and five of them get out, how many remain ? 8. If a merchant have 12 barrels of flour, and he sell 7 of them, how many barrels will he have left? 9. Margaret is 11 years old, and Julia 4 years younger; what is Julia's age? 10. Stephen had 9 marbles, and lost 3 of them; how many had he left? 11. A man, earning 10 dollars a week, spends 6 dollars for provisions; how many dollars has he left? 12. Giles borrowed 12 dollars, and paid 7 dollars of it; how much of it remained unpaid? leaves how many ? 35. 11 from 21 36. 37. 38. Take 5 from 12, and how many remain? 19, and how many remain? Take 7 from 11, and how many remain ? 39. Take Take 9 from 13, and how many remain? 40. Take 12 from 23, and how many remain ? 41. What is the difference between 14 and 6? 42. What is the difference between 20 and 8? 43. What is the difference between 19 and 15? 44. What is the difference between 11 and 22? 45. What is the difference between 17 and 6? 46. What is the difference between 25 and 9? 9. Subtraction is the process of taking one number from another; and the result is called the Difference or Remainder. The sign of subtraction is written thus, and is read minus. Placed between two numbers, or quantities, it shows that the one after it is to be taken from the one before it. 9 5 shows that 5 is to be subtracted from 9, and is read nine minus five. 1. 3. How many are 10 2. How many are 9 How many are 12 4. How many are 15 5. How many are 20 How many are 18 6. 7. How many are 17 |