## Introduction to arithmetic |

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### Common terms and phrases

according acres added Addition aliquot amount annexed answer bill bought bring calculations called carried cent cloth column common Compound consists contained convert cost cwts decimal denomination difference discount divided dividend division divisor dwts equal Example Exercises expressed farthings feet figure florins four fourth fraction gain gallons give given grains greater half higher denomination hundred inches interest kind length less lower denomination lowest marked means Measure miles months multiplicand multiply nails NOTE nothings ounces paid pence period person piece pounds Proportion quantity quarters question quotient receive reckon reduced remainder result root rule share shillings side Simple sold square subtract sugar tens third thousand tons units upper VULGAR FRACTIONS weight whole write written yards

### Popular passages

Page 121 - Multiply the divisor, thus increased, by the last figure of the root; subtract the product from the dividend, and to the remainder bring down the next period for a new dividend. 5. Double the whole root already found for a new divisor, and continue the operation as before, until all the periods are brought down. NOTE.

Page 25 - To divide by 10, 100, &c., is simply cutting off as many figures from the right of the dividend as there are ciphers in the divisor.

Page 81 - When a decimal number is to be divided by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the left as there are ciphers in the divisor, and if there be not figures enough in the number, prefix ciphers.

Page 29 - Thirty days hath September, April, June, and November, All the rest have thirty-one Excepting February alone : Which hath but twenty-eight, in fine, Till leap year gives it twenty-nine.

Page 68 - To reduce a mixed number to an improper fraction, Multiply the whole number by the denominator of the fraction, and to the product add the numerator; under this sum write the denominator.

Page 27 - Pendulum vibrating Seconds of Mean Time in the Latitude of London in a Vacuum at the Level of the Sea...

Page 114 - Multiply each payment by its term of credit, and divide the sum of the products by the sum of the payments ; the quotient will be the average term of credit.

Page 22 - V. If any partial dividend will not contain the divisor, place a cipher in the quotient, and bring down the next figure of the dividend, and divide as before.

Page 119 - NOTE 3. If in extracting the root of a number there is a remainder, after all the periods have been brought down, periods of ciphers may be annexed by considering them as decimals. EXAMPLES.