## Elements of Geometry: Containing the First Six Books of Euclid : with a Supplement on the Quadrature of the Circle, and the Geometry of Solids : to which are Added, Elements of Plane and Spherical Trigonometry |

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ABCD altitude angle ABC angle BAC base bisected Book called centre chord circle circle ABC circumference coincide common consequently construction cosine cylinder definition demonstrated described diameter difference divided double draw drawn equal equal angles equiangular equilateral Euclid exterior angle extremity fall fore four fourth given given straight line greater half Hence inscribed interior join less Let ABC magnitudes manner meet multiple opposite parallel parallelogram pass perpendicular plane polygon prism PROB produced PROP proportional proposition proved radius ratio reason rectangle contained rectilineal figure right angles segment shewn sides similar sine solid square straight line taken tangent THEOR third touch triangle ABC wherefore whole

### Popular passages

Page 149 - If the vertical angle of a triangle be bisected by a straight line which also cute the base, the rectangle contained by the sides of the triangle is equal to the rectangle contained by the segments of the base, together with the square on the straight line which bisects the angle.

Page 51 - If a straight line be divided into two equal parts, and also into two unequal parts, the rectangle contained by the unequal parts, together with the square on the line between the points of section, is equal to the square on half the line.

Page 29 - Straight lines which are parallel to the same straight line are parallel to one another. Triangles and Rectilinear Figures. The sum of the angles of a triangle is equal to two right angles.

Page 52 - If a straight line be bisected, and produced to any point, the rectangle contained by the whole line thus produced, and the part of it produced, together with the square on half the line bisected, is equal to the square on the straight line which is made up of the half and the part produced.

Page 9 - A circle is a plane figure contained by one line, which is called the circumference, and is such that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference, are equal to one another.

Page 296 - All the interior angles of any rectilineal figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.

Page 15 - UPON the same base, and on the same side of it, there cannot be two triangles that have their sides which are terminated in one extremity of the base equal to one another, and likewise those which are terminated in the other extremity.

Page 283 - If a straight line meets two straight lines, so as to " make the two interior angles on the same side of it taken " together less than two right angles...

Page 22 - Any two sides of a triangle are together greater than the third side.

Page 26 - ... sides be equal, each to each; and also the third angle of the one to the third angle of the other. Let ABC, DEF be two triangles which have the angles ABC, BCA equal to the angles DEF, EFD, viz.