A Complete System of Practical Arithmetic, with Various Branches in the Mathematics
author, 1800 - Arithmetic - 519 pages
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Common terms and phrases
according added alſo amount annuity annum Anſwer arch barrels baſe body breadth buſhels called cent circle common contained continually crown cube decimal denominator depth diameter difference diſtance divide dividend diviſor draw earth equal EXAMPLE factor fame feet fide figure Firſt folidity four fraction gain gallons give given globe greater half hundred inches intereſt laſt latitude length leſs manner mean meaſure meridian miles minutes months moon Multiply muſt Note pence perpendicular pounds principal PROB Proof proportion quantity quarters Queft queſtion quotient Reduce remainder root round RULE ſaid ſame ſecond ſet ſeveral ſhillings ſide ſolid ſquare ſubtract ſuch ſum ſun Suppoſe term theſe third thoſe uſe weight whole whoſe worth yards
Page 178 - To reduce a mixed number to an improper fraction. RULE. Multiply the whole number by the denominator of the fraction, and to the product add the numerator for a new numerator, and place it over the denominator.
Page 286 - The circumference of every circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts, called degrees ; each degree into 60 equal parts, called minutes ; and each minute into 60 equal parts, called seconds.
Page 136 - Find the value of that commodity whose quantity is given ; then find what quantity of the other, at the rate proposed, you may have for the same money.
Page 82 - If the quantities of matter, in any two or more bodies put in motion, be equal, the forces wherewith they are moved will be in proportion to their velocities. 2. If the velocities of these bodies be equal, their forces will be directly as the quantities of matter contained in them.
Page 94 - If a footman travel 240 miles in 12 days, when the days are 12 hours long; how many days will he require to travel 720 miles, wh-jn the days are 16 hours long?
Page 178 - To reduce an improper fraction to its equivalent whole or mixed number. RULE. Divide the numerator by the denominator...
Page 178 - RULE. Multiply all the numerators together for a new numerator, and all the denominators for a new denominator: then reduce the new fraction to its lowest terms.
Page 180 - ... multiply each numerator by all the denominators, except its own, for a new numerator, and under it write the common denominator.
Page 136 - When one has goods at a certain price ready money, but in barter advances it to something more, say, As the ready money price of the one ; is to its bartering price ; ; so is the ready money price of the other to its bartering, price: then the quantity of the latter commodity may be found, cither from the ready money or bartering price.