## An Elementary Arithmetic |

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### Common terms and phrases

acres added ADDITION Answer apiece barrel Beginning bought bring bushels buys called carry cents column common compound number contained cost cubic denominator denoted difference Divide dividend Division divisor dollars dozen eagles eight equal EXAMPLES EXERCISES expressed factors federal money feet figure Find five fourth fraction gallons Give the rule given greater gross half halves Hence hundred improper fraction inches land leaves lowest terms Measure miles million mills mixed number month Multiply Name naughts nine Notation once ounces period person piece pounds Prove quarts quotient Recite Reduce remainder result rods sells seven shillings SLATE sold square subtract TABLE taken tens third thousand trees twelve twice units week weighing whole number worth Write yards

### Popular passages

Page 88 - Reduce compound fractions to simple ones, and mixt numbers to improper fractions ; then multiply the numerators together for a new numerator, and the denominators for. a new denominator.

Page 122 - DRY MEASURE 2 pints (pt.) = 1 quart (qt.) 8 quarts =1 peck (pk.) 4 pecks = 1 bushel (bu...

Page 117 - Square Measure 144 square inches (sq. in.) = 1 square foot (sq. ft.) 9 square feet = 1 square yard (sq.

Page 124 - Thirty days hath September, April, June, and November ; All the rest have thirty-one, Except the second month alone, Which has but twenty-eight, in fine, Till leap year gives it twenty-nine.

Page 120 - LIQUID MEASURE 4 gills (gi.) = 1 pint (pt.) 2 pints = 1 quart (qt...

Page 121 - TABLE. 2 pints (pt.) make 1 quart, . . qt. 4 quarts, 1 gallon,. . gal. 36 gallons, 1 barrel, . . bar.

Page 112 - TABLE. 16 Drams (dr.) make 1 Ounce, oz. 16 Ounces " 1 Pound, Ib. 25 Pounds " 1 Quarter, qr. 4 Quarters " 1 Hundred Weight, cwt. 20 Hundred Weight

Page 75 - To reduce a mixed number to an improper fraction. Multiply the whole number by the denominator of the fraction, and to the product add the given numerator.

Page 111 - Weight This is used to. some extent in filling prescriptions. The grain, ounce, and pound are the same as in troy weight, but the ounce is divided differently. 20 grains (gr.) = 1 scruple . . . sc. or 3 3 scruples = 1 dram . . . dr. or 3 8 drams = 1 ounce . . . oz. or 5 12 ounces = 1 pound . . . Ib. or ft Apothecaries...

Page 50 - The dividend is the number to be divided. The divisor is the number by which we divide.