## Plane and Spherical Trigonometry |

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### Common terms and phrases

acute added angle base Bearings bottom called CHAPTER characteristic circle colog column computation correction cos x cos² cotangent course Ctn c d decimal places determine digits direction distance divide equal equations Example exponent Express factors feet figures five formulę four fraction functions given gives greater hence included known L Sin less log csc log sin logarithm mantissa means measure method miles minutes multiples negative noted obtained obvious opposite positive Prop Prove quadrant radians read as printed read co-function relations result right triangles rule sails ship side significant sin x sin² sine solution Solve spherical triangle subtract tabular difference tangent theorem tion triangle trigonometric functions values Whence write written zero

### Popular passages

Page 71 - In the same way it may be proved that a : b : : sin. A : sin. B, and these two proportions may be written a : 6 : c : : sin. A : sin. B : sin. C. THEOREM III. t8. In any plane triangle, the sum of any two sides is to their difference as the tangent of half the sum of the opposite angles is to the tangent of half their difference. By Theorem II. we have a : b : : sin. A : sin. B.

Page 151 - I. The logarithm of a product is equal to the sum of the logarithms of the factors : log ab = log a + log b. This follows from the fact that if 10” = a and lO1- = 6, 101+£ = a • b.

Page 98 - The law of sines states that in any spherical triangle the sines of the sides are proportional to the sines of their opposite angles: sin a _ sin b __ sin c _ sin A sin B sin C...

Page 151 - The characteristic of a number less than 1 is found by subtracting from 9 the number of ciphers between the decimal point and the first significant digit, and writing — 10 after the result.

Page 34 - The logarithm of a quotient is equal to the logarithm of the dividend minus the logarithm of the divisor.

Page 129 - The spherical excess of any spherical polygon is equal to the excess of the sum of its angles over two right angles taken as many times as the polygon has sides, less two.

Page xx - The proportional parts are stated in full for every tenth at the right-hand side The logarithm of any number of four significant figures can be read directly by addN...

Page 35 - The logarithm of a root of a number is equal to the logarithm of the number divided by the index of the root.

Page 97 - But a' = 180° - a, c' = 180° - c, and CAB' = 180° - A Hence cos (180° — a) =cos b cos (180° - c) + sin b sin (180° - c) cos (180a- A)9 or, cos a = cos b cos с -f- sin b sin с cos A, which- proves the law of cosines for all cases.

Page 32 - ... consists of two parts, an integral part and a decimal part. The integral part is called the characteristic of the logarithm, and may be either positive or negative.