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University of the State of New York
Examinations Department

109th examination

9TH MEDICAL EXAMINATION

CHEMISTRY

Board

Place

Wednesday, April 12, 1893-9:15 a. m. to 12: 15 p. m., only

Answer any 10 of the questions on this paper but no more. Check the number (√) of each one of the questions you have answered.

I What is oxygen?

2 Explain the chemistry of a candle flame.

3 Write the chemical name and formula for laughing gas.

4 What is the chemical change which occurs in the making of malt? 5 Explain how water containing organic impurities may become purified by running in a shallow stream or over a precipice.

6 What is ammonium?

7 Mention a test of CO2 and also its chief properties.

8 What is the chemical antidote for arsenic ?

/9 What elements enter into the composition of all alkaloids?

10 Explain an experiment to prove that chemical action may be induced by light.

II From what source is acetic acid derived? Mention its most common and its purest form.

12 What is meant by the water of crystallization?

13 What is ethyl hydrate? Give its ordinary name and its chemical formula.

14 What is the technic name of (a) aqua regia; (b) aqua fortis; (c) oil of vitriol?

15 What is iodoform? What is its chemical formula and from what substances is it formed?

University of the State of New York
Examinations Department

110th examination

IOTH MEDICAL EXAMINATION

CHEMISTRY

Board

Place

Wednesday, May 17, 1893-915 a. m. to 12: 15 p. m., only

Answer any 10 of the questions on this paper but no more. Check the number (v) of each one of the questions you have answered.

I What is the atomic theory?

2 What is the method of determining the atomic weight of an element?

3 Describe the properties of hydrogen and mention a test to prove that it will not support combustion.

4 Give the composition of aqua ammonia.

5 What are acids and how are salts formed from them?

6 What chemical change takes place in the air when inhaled?

7 What is meant by (a) hard water; (b) soft water?

8 What is peroxide of hydrogen?

9 Which of the metals is the best conductor of electricity?

10 Account for the poisonous property of illuminating gas.

II What is the normal reaction of (a) saliva; (b) bile? What causes the reaction?

12 What is ethyl oxide? Give its formula. State from what it is derived. and its chemical equation.

ordinary name and chemical Give its mode of production

13 How would you proceed to detect arsenic in a case of suspected poisoning?

14 Explain a test for the recognition of bile in the urine.

15 Give the formula for (a) mercuric chloride; (b) sodic sulphate; (c) potassium chlorate; (d) cupric nitrate; (e) calcium carbonate.

University of the State of New York
Examinations Department

112th examination

IITH MEDICAL EXAMINATION

CHEMISTRY

Board

Place

Wednesday, June 21, 1893-9: 15 a. m. to 12: 15 p. m., only

Answer any 10 of the questions on this paper but no more. number (√) of each one of the questions you have answered.

Check the

I Explain the difference between cohesion and adhesion.

2 What is chemical affinity?

3 What is the fever thermometer? How is it made and graded? 4 Give the symbols of the following elements: (a) gold; b) silver; (c) iron; (d) arsenic; (e) potassium.

5 What is the relative importance of the element carbon, in organic chemistry?

6 What kind of sugar is that found in diabetic urine?

7 What are the chief substances known as protein bodies or albumenoids?

8 In testing urine by heat in a case of suspected albuminuria, what substances might be precipitated and so make the test leceptive?

9 Describe the chemical process: (a) when iron rusts; (b) when Food burns; (c) when silver is tarnished by coal gas.

10 How is collodion prepared and what are its uses?

II Describe the significance of the affixes: (a) id (ide); (b) ate; c) ite. Give examples of each.

12 Mention the properties of Hg and also two of its uses. 13. Mention the physical and chemical properties of chlorine. 14 Describe the manufacture of illuminating gas.

15 Mention the antidotes applicable in cases of poisoning from a caustic alkalies

b carbolic acid.

University of the State of New York
Examinations Department

114th examination

12TH MEDICAL EXAMINATION

CHEMISTRY

Board

Place

Wednesday, July 12, 1893—9:15 a. m. to 12: 15 p. m., only

Answer any 10 of the questions on this paper but no more. Check the number (√) of each one of the questions you have answered.

I Where is oxygen found in the human body and what are its important uses in the animal economy?

2 When sulphur is burned in the air what is the product and what are its uses?

3 Describe bromine.

4 Write the formulas for (a) sodium sulphate; (b) potassium nitrate; (c) ammonium chloride.

5 Describe the method of obtaining H and O by passing an electric current through H2O and tell how to determine which gas is O.

6 What is effervescence and what is efflorescence?

7 What is the chemical composition of the bile?

8 What changes take place in alcoholic fermentation?

9 What is understood by specific gravity and what precautions are advisable in the use of the urinometer?

10 Give the chemical name and formula of (a) water; (b) common salt; (c) carbonic acid; (d) nitric acid.

II How does fire-damp explode mines?

12 Demonstrate the fact that air is a mixture and not a compound.

13 Mention five well-known alkaloids.

14 What is the chemical antidote in case of poisoning by (a) mineral acids; (b) tartar emetic?

15 Transpose the following prescription into the metric system:

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66

University of the State of New York

Examinations Department

104th examination

5TH MEDICAL EXAMINATION

SURGERY

Wednesday, September 28, 1892-1: 15 to 4:15 p. m., only

Answer any ten of these questions of your own selection but no more and check the number thus v, of each one of the questions you have answered."

I Name the different varieties of benign tumors.

2 What is an abscess?

3 Differentiate between true and false aneurism.

4 What circumstances render necessary the amputation of a limb? 5 Describe a compound fracture.

6 What are the characteristics of a Hunterian (hard) chancre? 7 What is pyaemia?

8 Describe the treatment of fracture of the patella.

9 How does a carbuncle differ from a furuncle?

10 What are the parietal effects of a severe blow on the abdomen?

II What anaesthetic would you select for an operation about the mouth?

12 Describe the dislocations of the head of the humerus.

13 Give the symptoms of fracture of the base of the skull.

14 What is the treatment of retention of urine?

15 What are the signs of a rupture of the gall-bladder?

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