## Putnam's Arithmetic |

### From inside the book

Page 169

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**The first and fourth terms of a proportion are called the extremes**; and the second and third , the means . When the pro- portion is expressed in a fractional form , the numerator of the first fraction and the denominator of the second ...### Common terms and phrases

acres amount annuity apples April 12 arithmetic Avoirdupois balance barrels of flour bought bushels bushels of corn called cash cents a pound circumference cistern common fractions common multiple compound interest contain cords cost cube root decimals diameter discount Divide dividend dollars equal expressed factors farthings feet long figures gain gallons greatest common measure hundred hundredths improper fractions least common least common multiple merchant miles minuend molasses months Multiply naughts NOTE number of terms payable payment pence potatoes proportion pupil quotient ratio Reduce remainder rods rule for finding sell shillings side slant height sold solid contents square feet square root subtract subtrahend surface tens tenths thousand thousandths trial divisor triangle Troy Weight units weight whole numbers William Perkins worth Write yards

### Popular passages

Page 214 - The circumference of every circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts, called degrees ; each degree into 60 equal parts, called minutes ; and each minute into 60 equal parts, called seconds.

Page 73 - Thirty days hath September, April, June, and November ; All the rest have thirty-one. Except the second month alone, Which has but twenty-eight, in fine, Till leap year gives it twenty-nine.

Page 9 - Los números cardinales 0: zero 1: one 2: two 3: three 4: four 5: five 6: six 7: seven 8: eight 9: nine 10: ten 11: eleven 12: twelve 13: thirteen 14: fourteen 15: fifteen 16: sixteen 17: seventeen 18: eighteen 19: nineteen 20: twenty...

Page 196 - Multiply the divisor, thus increased, by the last figure of the root; subtract the product from the dividend, and to the remainder bring down the next period for a new dividend. 5. Double the whole root already found for a new divisor, and continue the operation as before, until all the periods are brought down. NOTE.

Page 91 - If the numerator and denominator of each fraction is multiplied (or divided) by the same number, the value of the fraction will not change.

Page 87 - The least common multiple of two or more numbers, is the least number that can be divided by each of them without a remainder.

Page 93 - To reduce a mixed number to an improper fraction, — RULE : Multiply the whole number by the denominator of the fraction, to the product add the numerator, and write the result over the denominator.

Page 238 - These are usually accounted six in number, viz. the Lever, the Wheel and Axle, the Pulley, the Inclined Plane, the Wedge, and the Screw.

Page 176 - If 248 men, in 5 days, of 11 hours each, can dig a trench 230 yards long, 3 wide, and 2 deep, in how many days, of 9 hours each, will 24 men dig a trench 420 yards long, 5 wide, and 3 deep ? Here the number of days, in which the proposed work can be done, depends on five circumstances, viz.

Page 29 - Hence it follows, we must always point off in the product as many places for decimals as there are decimal places in both factors. 2. Multiply '75 by '25. OPERATION. In this example, we have 4 de'75 cimal places in both factors ; we '25 must therefore point off 4 places for decimals in the product.