## An Elementary Arithmetic |

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### Contents

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### Common terms and phrases

acres added addition allowance amount apples barrel bought bushels called cents Change ciphers column common common denominator compound numbers containing cost Count cubic decimal DEFINITIONS denominator difference dimes divided dividend division divisor dollars eight equal expressed factors feet fifth figures five foot four fourths fraction gain gallons give given grains half halves Hence higher hundred hundredths inches integer interest least common leaves less measure miles mills minuend minutes mixed number months multiplicand Multiply Name nine orange ounces paid pecks piece pints pounds prime factors principle PROBLEMS prove quarts quotient Recite Reduce remainder result Rule seconds sell separately seven sixths sold SOLUTION subtract subtrahend tens tenths TEST QUESTIONS.-1 third thousand thousandths tons units wood Write WRITTEN EXERCISES yards yards of cloth

### Popular passages

Page 134 - SQUARE MEASURE 144 square inches (sq. in.) = 1 square foot (sq. ft.) 9 square feet = 1 square yard (sq.

Page 110 - Reduce the fractions to a common denominator and divide the numerator of the dividend by the numerator of the divisor.

Page 88 - Multiplying or dividing both terms of a fraction by the same number does not change the value of the fraction.

Page 75 - Cancel the common factors from both the dividend and divisor. II. Then divide the product of the remaining factors of the dividend by the product of the remaining factors of the divisor, and the result will be the quotient.

Page 101 - Multiply the whole number by the numerator of the fraction, and divide the product by the denominator ; or divide the whole number by the denominator of the fraction, and multiply the quotient by the numerator.

Page 140 - DRY MEASURE 2 pints (pt.) = 1 quart (qt.) 8 quarts =1 peck (pk.) 4 pecks = 1 bushel (bu...

Page 73 - The Least Common Multiple of two or more numbers is the least number that...

Page 144 - TROY WEIGHT. 24 grains (gr.) = 1 pennyweight (pwt.). 20 pennyweights = 1 ounce (oz.). 12 ounces = 1 pound (lb.). 351. Apothecaries' weight is used in mixing medicines and in selling them at retail. APOTHECARIES

Page 70 - Divide the given number by any prime number greater than 1, that will divide it without a remainder, and the quotient, if composite, in the same manner; and thus continue until the quotient is prime. The divisors and the last quotient will be the prime factors required.

Page 150 - Number. 12 units — 1 dozen (doz.). 12 dozen = 1 gross (gro.). 12 gross =• 1 great gross. 20 units — 1 score.