## Principles of Architecture: Comprising Fundamental Rules of the Art, with Their Application to Practice: Also Rules for Shadows for the Five Orders |

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### Common terms and phrases

angle answer arch axis base brick thick building called carry centre chord circle circumference columns common cone contained continually curve cutting cylinder decimals denomination describe diameter difference distance divide dividend divisor draw draw lines drawn edge elevation ellipsis equal EXAMPLE extremes feet figure foot four fraction give given greater half hand height horizon ichnography inches join length less light manner marked means measure method middle mouldings Multiply object parallel passing perpendicular plane PLATE points pound practice prism PROBLEM proceed projection proportion quotient radius rays rectangle reduced reflected remainder respectively root round rule seat segment shade shadow side solidity spiral square sun's superficies surface taken third touch triangle units upper vacuity wall whole window

### Popular passages

Page xix - A Segment is any part of a circle bounded by an arc and its chord.

Page 92 - To find the Area of a Triangle. /.'•'/..• ]. Multiply the base by the perpendicular height, and half the product will be the area.

Page 201 - ... and suppose the rays to proceed from the right to the left hand of the object, and parallel to a vertical plane which is inclined at an angle of forty-five degrees with the elevation of the object ; then it is plain, that since the angle of reflection is equal to the angle of incidence, the greatest part of the rays which fall upon the horizon will...

Page xviii - Plane figures that are bounded by right lines have names according to the number of their sides, or of their angles ; for they have as many sides as angles ; the least number being three.

Page 32 - Los números cardinales 0: zero 1: one 2: two 3: three 4: four 5: five 6: six 7: seven 8: eight 9: nine 10: ten 11: eleven 12: twelve 13: thirteen 14: fourteen 15: fifteen 16: sixteen 17: seventeen 18: eighteen 19: nineteen 20: twenty...

Page xvii - Line, or Straight Line, lies all in the same direction between its extremities, and is the shortest distance between two points.

Page 64 - Divide by any number that will divide two or more of the given numbers without a remainder, and set the quotients, together with the undivided numbers, in a line beneath.

Page 83 - ROOT of any given number, or power, is such a number as, being multiplied by itself a certain number of times, will produce the power ;. and it is denominated the first, second, third, fourth, fcfc.

Page 92 - From half the sum of the three sides, subtract each side severally; multiply the half sum, and the three remainders together, and the square root of the product will be the area required.

Page 57 - ... of God to the adequate knowledge of the essence of things. All this I will explain by one example. Let there be three numbers given through which it is required to discover a fourth which shall be to the third as the second is to the first. A merchant does not hesitate to multiply the second and third together and divide the product by the first...