Elements of Geometry: Containing the Principal Propositions in the First Six, and the Eleventh and Twelfth Books of Euclid. With Notes, Critical and Explanatory
Johnson, 1803 - Euclid's Elements - 279 pages
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Elements of Geometry: Containing the Principal Propositions in the First Six ...
No preview available - 2016
Common terms and phrases
ABCD alfo alfo equal alſo be equal alternate angle altitude angle ABC angle ACB angle AGH angle BAC angle CAB angle CBD bafe baſe becauſe bifect Book centre chord circle circle ABC circumference common confequently Conft contained COROLL defcribe demonftrated diagonal diameter difference diſtance divide double draw drawn equiangular equimultiples EUCLID fall fame fame manner fame multiple fame ratio fection fhewn fide BC figure fince folid fome fquare given point given right line greater half interfect lefs leſs Let ABC line AC magnitudes meet muſt oppofite angle outward angle parallel parallelogram perpendicular plane polygon PROBLEM produced Prop propofition proportional rectangle remaining angle right angles ſquare taken THEOREM theſe thing third thoſe triangle triangle ABC whence whole
Page 63 - AB is the greater. If from AB there be taken more than its half, and from the remainder more than its half, and so on ; there shall at length remain a magnitude less than C. For C may be multiplied, so as at length to become greater than AB.
Page 31 - THE Angle formed by a Tangent to a Circle, and a Chord drawn from the Point of Contact, is Equal to the Angle in the Alternate Segment.
Page xii - To find the centre of a given circle. Let ABC be the given circle ; it is required to find its centre. Draw within it any straight line AB, and bisect (I.
Page xxvi - To draw a straight line perpendicular to a given straight line of an unlimited length, from a given point without it. LET ab be the given straight line, which may be produced to any length both ways, and let c be a point without it. It is required to draw a straight line perpendicular to ab from the point c.
Page 63 - Lemma, if from the greater of two unequal magnitudes there be taken more than its half, and from the remainder more than its half, and so on, there shall at length remain a magnitude less than the least of the proposed magnitudes.
Page 24 - IN a given circle to inscribe a triangle equiangular to a given triangle. Let ABC be the given circle, and DEF the given triangle ; it is required to inscribe in the circle ABC a triangle equiangular to the triangle DEF. Draw* the straight line GAH touching the circle in the a 17. 3. point A, and at the point A, in the straight line AH, makeb b 23.
Page i - ELEMENTS of GEOMETRY, containing the principal Propositions in the first Six and the Eleventh and Twelfth Books of Euclid, with Critical Notes ; and an Appendix, containing various particulars relating to the higher part* of the Sciences.
Page xii - The radius of a circle is a right line drawn from the centre to the circumference.
Page 30 - To bisect a given arc, that is, to divide it into two equal parts. Let ADB be the given arc : it is required to bisect it.
Page 7 - Beciprocally, when these properties exist for 'two right lines and a common secant, the two lines are parallel.* — Through a given point, to draw a right line parallel to a given right line, or cutting it at a given angle, — Equality of angles having their sides parallel and their openings placed in the same direction.