OF GEOMETRY AND TRIGONOMETRY. TRANSLATED FROM THE FRENCH OF A. M. LEGENDRE, BY DAVID BREWSTER, LL. D. REVISED AND ADAPTED TO THE COURSE OF MATHEMATICAL INSTRUCTION BY CHARLES DAVIES, AUTHOR OF ARITHMETIC, ALGEBRA, PRACTICAL GEOMETRY, ELEMENTS OF PHILADELPHIA: PUBLISHED BY A. S. BARNES AND CO. 21 Minor-street. 1843. EducT148.43.515 & DAVIES COURSE OF MATHEMATICS. DAVIES' FIRST LESSONS IN ARITHMETIC, DAVIES' ARITHMETIC, DESIGNED FOR THE USE OF ACADEMIES AND SCHOOLS. KEY TO DAVIES' ARITHMETIC. DAVIES' ELEMENTARY ALGEBRA; KEY TO DAVIES' ELEMENTARY ALGEBRA. DAVIES' ELEMENTARY GEOMETRY. This work embraces the elementary principles of Geometry. The reasoning is plain and concise, but at the same time strictly rigorous. DAVIES' PRACTICAL GEOMETRY, Embracing the facts of Geometry, with applications in ARTIFICER'S WORK, DAVIES' BOURDON'S ALGEBRA, Being an abridgment of the work of M. Bourdon, with the addition of practical examples. DAVIES' LEGENDRE'S GEOMETRY AND TRIGONOMETRY, Being an abridgment of the work of M. Legendre, with the addition of a Treatise on MENSURATION OF PLANES AND SOLIDS, and a Table of LOGARITHMS and LOGARITHMIC SINES. DAVIES' SURVEYING, With a description and plates of, the THEODOLITE, COMPASS, PLANE-TABLE, and NAVIGATION. DAVIES' ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY, Embracing the EQUATIONS OF THE POINT AND STRAIGHT LINE-of the CONIC SECTIONS of the LINE AND PLANE IN SPACE-also, the discussion of the GENERAL EQUATION of the second degree, and of Surfaces OF THE SECOND ORDER. DAVIES' DESCRIPTIVE GEOMETRY, DAVIES' SHADOWS AND LINEAR PERSPECTIVE. DAVIES' DIFFERENTIAL AND INTEGRAL CALCULUS. ENTERED according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1834, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, for the Southern District of New York. PREFACE TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. THE Editor, in offering to the public Dr. Brewster's translation of Legendre's Geometry under its present form, is fully impressed with the responsibility he assumes in making alterations in a work of such deserved celebrity. In the original work, as well as in the translations of Dr. Brewster and Professor Farrar, the propositions are not enunciated in general terms, but with reference to, and by the aid of, the particular diagrams used for the demonstrations. It is believed that this departure from the method of Euclid has been generally regretted. The propositions of Geometry are general truths, and as such, should be stated in general terms, and without reference to particular figures. The method of enunciating them by the aid of particular diagrams seems to have been adopted to avoid the difficulty which beginners experience in comprehending abstract propositions. But in avoiding this difficulty, and thus lessening, at first, the intellectual labour, the faculty of abstraction, which it is one of the primary objects of the study of Geometry to strengthen, remains, to a certain extent, unimproved. |