## Elements of Geometry and Trigonometry |

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### Common terms and phrases

ABCD adjacent altitude base become Book called centre chord circ circle circumference coincide common cone consequently contained convex surface Cosine Cotang cylinder described determine diameter difference distance divided draw drawn equal equations equivalent expressed extremities faces feet figure follows formed four frustum give given gles greater half hence homologous included inscribed intersection less let fall logarithm manner means measured meet middle multiplied number of sides opposite parallel parallelogram pass perimeter perpendicular plane polygon prism PROBLEM Prop proportional PROPOSITION pyramid quantities radii radius ratio reason rectangle remaining right angles Scholium segment sides similar sine solid solid angle sphere square straight line suppose surface taken tang tangent THEOREM third triangle triangle ABC unit vertex whole

### Popular passages

Page 223 - In every plane triangle, the sum of two sides is to their difference as the tangent of half the sum of the angles opposite those sides is to the tangent of half their difference.

Page 10 - If two triangles have two sides of the one equal to two sides of the...

Page 195 - The circumference of every circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts called degrees, and each degree into 60 equal parts called minutes, and each minute into 60 equal parts called seconds, and these into thirds, fourths, &c.

Page 215 - It is, indeed, evident, that the negative characteristic will always be one greater than the number of ciphers between the decimal point and the first significant figure.

Page 269 - How many square feet are there in the convex surface of the frustum of a square pyramid, whose slant height is 10 feet, each side of the lower base 3 feet 4 inches, and each side of the upper base 2 feet 2 inches ? Ans.

Page 160 - The radius of a sphere is a straight line drawn from the centre to any point of the surface ; the diameter or axis is a line passing through this centre, and terminated on both sides by the surface.

Page 10 - America, but know that we are alive, that two and two make four, and that the sum of any two sides of a triangle is greater than the third side.

Page 161 - The convex surface of a cylinder is equal to the circumference of its base multiplied by its altitude, Fig.

Page 12 - In an isosceles triangle the angles opposite the equal sides are equal.

Page 78 - The areas of two triangles which have an angle of the one equal to an angle of the other are to each other as the products of the sides including the equal angles. A D A' Hyp. In triangles ABC and A'B'C', To prove AABC A A'B'C' A'B' x A'C ' Proof. Draw the altitudes BD and B'D'.