## Arithmetic and Its Applications: Designed as a Text Book for Common Schools, High Schools and AcademiesH. Cowperthwait & Company, 1860 |

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### Common terms and phrases

acre added amount answer apples bank barrel bought bushels called cent common compound considered contain cost debt decimal denominator difference divided dividend divisible divisor dollars equal example Explanation expressed factor feet figure four fourth fraction gain gallon given gives hand Hence hundreds hundredths Illustrations inches interest land leaves less lose means method miles months multiplied obtained paid payable payment perform period pounds prime principal question quotient ratio received Reduce remainder represent result rods root selling share shows simple sold Solution square subtract taken tens tenths term thing third thousands true units usually weighing whole wide worth write written yard

### Popular passages

Page 36 - Dry Measure. — 2 pints = 1 quart; 8 quarts = 1 peck; 4 pecks = 1 bushel. Liquid Measure. — 4 gills = 1 pint; 2 pints = 1 quart; 4 quarts = 1 gallon; 31| gallons = 1 barrel; 2 barrels = 1 hogshead. Long Measure. — 12 inches = 1 foot; 3 feet...

Page 357 - How much will it cost to plaster the walls and ceiling of a room 16 ft. 3' long, 14 ft. 2

Page 28 - Troy Weight 24 grains = 1 pennyweight. 20 pennyweights = 1 ounce. 12 ounces = 1 pound.

Page 19 - When a decimal number is to be divided by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the left as there are ciphers in the divisor, and if there be not figures enough in the number, prefix ciphers.

Page 141 - The product of a number taken any number of times as a factor, is called a power of the number.

Page 131 - ... NUMBER is one which has other factors besides itself and unity. Thus, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, &c., are composite numbers. (e.) Any entire number of times a given number is a MULTIPLE of it ; or, a MULTIPLE of a number is any number which can be exactly divided by it. Thus, 12 is a multiple of 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 12, because it is an exact number of times each of them, or because it can be divided by each without a remainder.

Page 19 - To multiply a decimal by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the right as there are ciphers in the multiplier ; and if there be not places enough in the number, annex ciphers.

Page 97 - The Dividend is the number to be divided. The Divisor is the number by which we divide.

Page 342 - A Circle is a plane figure bounded by a curved line called a circumference, every point of which is equally distant from a point within called the centre.

Page 234 - How many bricks, each 8 in. long, 4 in. wide, and 2 in. thick, will it take to build a wall 47 ft. long, 6 ft. 6' high, and 1 ft. 8