# Arithmetic and Its Applications: Designed as a Text Book for Common Schools, High Schools and Academies

H. Cowperthwait & Company, 1860

### Contents

 Problems 67 Subtraction from Left to Right 73 Compound Multiplication 81 Multiplication by Factors 88 DIVISION 97 Decimal Fractions in the Quotient 104 88 110 MIS 133 Definitions of Factors Powers c 142 Factoring not necessary 148 When Factors cannot easily be found 15 155 NUMBERS 161 Miscellaneous Operations 167 Practical Problems 174 Recapitulation and Inferences 180
 Negotiable Notes Indorsements 266 Addition of several Columns 272 English Method of computing Interest 275 41 292 Stocks 293 To find the Rate 300 55 301 To find Date of Equated Time 310 Definitions 327 Method of extracting the Square Root 331 Solids 333 Rule for the Cube Root 339 Properties of the Rightangled Trian 345 344 359 58 363

### Popular passages

Page 36 - Dry Measure. — 2 pints = 1 quart; 8 quarts = 1 peck; 4 pecks = 1 bushel. Liquid Measure. — 4 gills = 1 pint; 2 pints = 1 quart; 4 quarts = 1 gallon; 31| gallons = 1 barrel; 2 barrels = 1 hogshead. Long Measure. — 12 inches = 1 foot; 3 feet...
Page 357 - How much will it cost to plaster the walls and ceiling of a room 16 ft. 3' long, 14 ft. 2
Page 28 - Troy Weight 24 grains = 1 pennyweight. 20 pennyweights = 1 ounce. 12 ounces = 1 pound.
Page 19 - When a decimal number is to be divided by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the left as there are ciphers in the divisor, and if there be not figures enough in the number, prefix ciphers.
Page 141 - The product of a number taken any number of times as a factor, is called a power of the number.
Page 131 - ... NUMBER is one which has other factors besides itself and unity. Thus, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, &c., are composite numbers. (e.) Any entire number of times a given number is a MULTIPLE of it ; or, a MULTIPLE of a number is any number which can be exactly divided by it. Thus, 12 is a multiple of 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 12, because it is an exact number of times each of them, or because it can be divided by each without a remainder.
Page 19 - To multiply a decimal by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the right as there are ciphers in the multiplier ; and if there be not places enough in the number, annex ciphers.
Page 97 - The Dividend is the number to be divided. The Divisor is the number by which we divide.
Page 342 - A Circle is a plane figure bounded by a curved line called a circumference, every point of which is equally distant from a point within called the centre.
Page 234 - How many bricks, each 8 in. long, 4 in. wide, and 2 in. thick, will it take to build a wall 47 ft. long, 6 ft. 6' high, and 1 ft. 8