11. A farmer divided his farm into 9 fields, containing 11 acres each; how many acres in his farm? 12. If a man travel 6 miles an hour, how far will he travel in 7 hours? in 8 hours? in 9 hours? in 6 hours? 13. When eggs are 11 cents a dozen, what will be the cost of 7 dozen ? of 9 dozen? of 10 dozen ?110 15. 11 times 1 are how many? 11 times 7 are how many? 11 times 2 are how many? 11 times 8 are how many? 11 times 3 are how many? 11 times 9 are how many? 11 times 4 are how many? 11 times 10 are how many?/// 11 times 5 are how many? 11 times 11 are how many?/2/ 11 times 6 are how many? 11 times 12 are how many? 32 12 times 1 are how many? 12 times 7 are how many ?84 12 times 2 are how many? 12 times 8 are how many ?96 12 times 3 are how many? 12 times 9 are how many ?115 12 times 4 are how many? 12 times 10 are how many 21 12 times 5 are how many? 12 times 11 are how many? 32 12 times 6 are how many? 12 times 12 are how many? 149 110 1. How many are 11 times 6? 11 times 10? 11 times 7? 11 times 12/211 times 8? 11 times 11/2/ 11 times 5? 2. How many are 12 times 10/2012 times 9? 12 times 7.8412 times 8? 12 times 6? 12 times 11732 12 times 5? 12 times 12? 3. What will be the cost of 11 bunches of grapes, at 10 cents a bunch? 4. What will be the cost of 12 barrels of pork, at 11 dollars a barrel ?. 5. What will 11 yards of cloth cost, at 6 dollars a yard? 6. In an orchard are 12 rows of trees, and 11 trees in each row; how many trees in the orchard? 7. What will 11 turkeys cost at 6 dimes apiece? at 7 dimes? 8. At 12 dollars a hundred, what will 7 hundred oak posts cost? 9 hundred? 11 hundred ? 9. At 9 dollars a week, what will 5 weeks' board cost? 8 weeks'? 11 weeks'? 12 weeks'? 10. If the fare for one person from Albany to Boston is 5 dollars, what will be the fare for 6 persons? for 9 persons? for 12 persons ? 11. At 12 dollars a month, how many dollars can a man earn in 4 months? in 6 months? in 9 months? in 12 months? 12. If it take 9 yards of calico for one dress, how many yards will be required to make 4 dresses? 7 dresses? 13. If a farmer put his oats into 7 bins, each containing 12 bushels, how many bushels has he ? 14. If I put 8 dollars in the savings bank every month, how many dollars will I deposit in 7 months? in 8 months? in 12 months? 15. What will 11 dozen of eggs cost, at 9 cents a dozen? at 10 cents? at 11 cents? 16. If a quantity of provision will last 9 men 12 days, how long will the same provision last one man ? 17. When flour is 7 dollars a barrel, what must be paid for 7 barrels ? for 8 barrels ? for 9 barrels ? for 11 barrels ? 18. If 12 bushels of apples be picked from each of 11 trees, how many bushels will be picked from all? 16. Multiplication is the process of finding a number which shall contain one of two given numbers as many times as there are units in the other; the result is called the Product. The sign of multiplication is written thus, X, and, placed between two numbers or quantities, shows that they are to be multiplied together. 5 × 4 = 20, shows that 5 multiplied by 4 is equal to 20. The sign is commonly called times. 5 × 4 is read 5 times 4. 1. 5×3 are how many? 8. 8×11 are how many? 2.7×4 are how many? 9. 6× 9 are how many? 3. 10×7 are how many? 10.5× 7 are how many? 4.3×8 are how many? 11. 11×10 are how many? 5.7×9 are how many? 12. 8× 4 are how many? 6.12×6 are how many? 13. 1111 are how many? 7. 9×8 are how many? 14. 12×12 are how many? 15. What is the product of 7 × 6? of 9×5? of 7 x 7? of 11 x 6? 16. What is the product of 4 × 3 × 2? of 5 x 2×3? of 3 × 3 ×9? 17. What will be the cost of 3 cows, at 23 dollars apiece? ANALYSIS. Since 1 cow cost 23 dollars, 3 cows, which are 3 times 1 cow, will cost 3 times 23 dollars. 23 is equal to 2 tens and 3 units; 3 times 3 units are 9 units, and 3 times 2 tens are 6 tens, or 60; 60 and 9 are 69. Therefore, if 1 cow cost 23 dollars, 3 cows will cost 69 dollars. 18. At 31 cents a bushel, what will be the cost of 6 bushels of oats? 19. What will be the cost of 7 bushels of apples, at 25 cents a bushel? 20. If a man travel 26 miles in one day, how far can he travel in 10 days? 21. Mary bought 6 yards of muslin at 18 cents a yard; what was the cost of the whole? 22. Ephraim is 17 years old, and his father is 4 times as old; how old is his father ? 23. At 50 dollars a share, what will 7 shares of bank stock cost? 24. What will 9 pounds of tea cost, at 56 cents a pound? 25. At 44 cents a day, what will 10 days' labor amount to ? 26. At 3 dollars a yard, what will be the cost of a piece of cloth containing 36 yards? 27. What will be the cost of 12 pounds of coffee, at 15 cents a pound? 28. If the cars run 24 miles an hour, how far will they run in 7 hours? 29. In an orchard are 16 peach trees, and 6 times as many apple trees; how many apple trees in the orchard? 30. What will be the cost of 45 lemons, at 5 cents apiece ? 31. If 11 men can do a piece of work in 13 days, in what time will one man do the same work? 32. If a man labor 12 months for 17 dollars a month, how much will his wages amount to? 33. At 3 dollars a barrel, what will be the cost of 28 barrels of potatoes? 34. If in an orchard are 12 rows of trees, and 32 trees in each row, how many trees in the orchard? 35. If a man can dig 28 bushels of potatoes in one day, how many bushels can he dig in 3 days? in 4 days? in 5 days? 36. At 80 dollars apiece, what will be the cost of 3 horses? of 4 horses? of 6 horses ? 37. At 43 dollars an acre, what will 10 acres of land cost? 12 acres? 38. If 8 horses eat 3 bushels of oats in one day, how many bushels will they eat in 7 days? in 9 days? 17. 1. What will be the cost of 6 tons of coal, at 5 dollars a ton, and of 4 cords of wood at 3 dollars a cord? ANALYSIS. They will cost the sum of the products of 6 × 5 dollars, and of 4×3 dollars; 6 times 5 dollars are 30 dollars, and 4 times 3 dollars are 12 dollars; 30 dollars and 12 dollars are 42 dollars. Therefore, &c. 2. A farmer sold 12 sheep at 4 dollars a head, and 9 lambs at 2 dollars each; how many dollars did he receive for all? 3. What will be the cost of 5 pounds of coffee at 15 cents a pound, and 14 pounds of rice at 6 cents a pound? 4. If two persons start from the same point, and travel in opposite directions, one at the rate of 6 miles an hour, and the other 4 miles an hour, how far apart will they be in 7 hours? in 9 hours? in 12 hours? 5. If they travel in the same direction, how far apart will they be in 5 hours? in 7 hours? in 24 hours? 6. If I hire a man and his son to labor, the father at 14 shillings a day, and the son at 8 shillings, how much will be due them both in 6 days? in 9 days? 7. Asa has 16 marbles, and Omar 3 times as many; how many have both? 8. A drover bought 28 sheep at 3 dollars a head, and 5 cows at 26 dollars apiece; what was the cost of the whole ? 9. Justin bought 9 oranges at 4 cents apiece, 7 lemons at 3 cents apiece, and 10 lead pencils at 2 cents apiece; how much was the cost of the whole ? 10. Charles is twice as old as Byron, and Byron is 14 years old; what is the sum of their ages? 11. In a school-room 16 pupils can sit on each |