7. 1. A man gave 12 dollars for some corn, 8 dollars for a ton of hay, and 6 dollars for a barrel of flour; how much did he pay for all? ANALYSIS. He po the sum of 12 dollars, 8 dollars, and 6 dollars; 12 and 8 are 20, and 6 are 26 dollars. Therefore, &c. 2. Emily paid 12 shillings for a dress, 10 shillings for a pair of shoes, and 6 shillings for a pair of gloves; what was the cost of the whole? 3. A drover had 15 horses in one pasture, 13 in another, and 9 in another; how many horses had he? 4. James has 10 cents, Henry has 7, and John has 5; how many cents have the three boys? 5. Bought a pound of candles for 14 cents, a pound of coffee for 12 cents, and a bar of soap for 9 cents; what was the cost of the whole ? 6. In a shop are 7 men, 9 boys, and 6 girls at work; how many persons at work in the shop? 7. A lady sold 10 pounds of butter at one time, 12 pounds at another, and 8 pounds at another; how many pounds did she sell in all? 8. William bought an arithmetic for 15 cents, a quire of paper for 12 cents, and a bottle of ink for 6 cents; what was the cost of the whole ? 9. Peter, Dexter, and Irwin gave some money to a beggar; Peter gave him 10 cents, Dexter 11 cents, and Irwin 13 cents; how many cents did they all give him? 10. In a certain school there are 18 girls and 24 boys; how many pupils in the school ? 11. A man bought a sleigh for 20 dollars, paid 10 dollars for repairing it, and 6 dollars for painting it; what did it cost him? 12. Morgan earned 25 cents one day, and 32 the next; how much did he earn in both days? 13. A farmer sold a cow for 22 dollars, a ton of hay for 11 dollars, and a calf for 7 dollars; what did he receive for all? 14. A traveler walked 30 miles one day, 26 miles the next, and 21 miles the next; how many miles did he travel in the three days? 15. One day Sarah wrote 18 lines, Maria 16, and Carrie 15; how many lines did they all write? 16. A man gave 60 dollars for a horse, 23 dollars for a saddle, and 9 dollars for a bridle; what was the cost of the whole ? 17. Rollin received 36 new cents on his birthday, 34 on Christmas day, and 27 on New Year's day; how many cents did he receive ? 18. A man bought a piece of land for 56 dollars, and paid 25 dollars for fencing it; for how much must he sell it to gain 15 dollars? 19. Amasa, going into the orchard, found 12 ripe apples under one tree, 15 under another, 11 under another, and 9 under another; how many apples did he find under the four trees? 20. A grocer bought some hams for 20 dollars, some oats for 19 dollars, some fowls for 16 dollars, and five barrels of apples for 10 dollars; what did he pay for all? 21. A miller shipped by railroad 28 barrels of flour at one time, 37 at another, and 40 at another; how many barrels did he ship? 22. If Lucian gave 45 cents for a penknife, 15 cents for some paper, 12 cents for a folder, and 7 cents for some wafers, what did the whole cost him? 23. A drover bought 26 sheep of one man, 30 of another, 37 of another, and 40 of another; how many sheep did he purchase? 24. Bought a horse for 75 dollars, and sold him so as to gain 25 dollars; how much did I receive for him? 25. A lady went shopping, and bought a silk dress for 22 dollars, a muff for 16 dollars, a shawl for 14 dollars, and had 7 dollars left; how much money had she at first? 26. Peleg bought a knife for 35 cents; he gave the knife and 12 cents for a sled, which he sold so as to gain 10 cents on the cost; how much did he receive for the sled? 27. In a certain orchard are 31 apple trees, 27 peach trees, and 19 pear trees; how many trees in the orchard? 28. A farmer raised 54 bushels of wheat, 66 bushels of oats, and 40 bushels of corn; how many bushels of grain did he raise? 29. If it be 62 feet from the ground to the belfry of a church, and 76 feet from the belfry to the top of the steeple, how high is the top of the steeple from the ground? 30. In March are 31 days, in April 30, in May 31; how many days in those three months? 31. If a farm contain 83 acres of cleared land and 25 acres of wood land, how many acres are in the whole farm? 32. The distance from Boston to Worcester is 44 miles, from Worcester to Warren 29 miles, and from Warren to Springfield 25 miles; how many miles from Boston to Springfield? 33. Batavia is 37 miles west from Rochester, and 31 miles east from Buffalo by railroad; what is the distance from Rochester to Buffalo? 34. A tailor bought three pieces of cloth, the first containing 29 yards, the second 26 yards, and the third 25 yards; how many yards did the three pieces contain? 35. A mechanic sold a carriage for 15 dollars, and a sleigh for 48 dollars; what did he receive for both? 36. A soldier was 33 years of age when he engaged in the battle of New Orleans; what was his age 44 years after ? 37. A farmer received 29 dollars for some pork, 18 dollars for some hay, 15 dollars for some oats, and 12 dollars for four cords of wood; how many dollars did he receive for the whole? 38. Thomas hoed 13 rows of corn, Lyman 16 rows, Cyrus 14 rows, and Warren 10 rows; how many rows did they all hoe? 39. A gentleman gave 30 dollars for a coat, 7 dollars for a vest, 11 dollars for a pair of pantaloons, and 5 dollars for a hat; what was the cost of all? 40. Paid 60 dollars for a carriage, which, with 25 dollars, I gave for a horse; paid 12 dollars for his keeping, and then sold him for 20 dollars more than he cost me; for how much did I sell him? 41. A man deposited 40 dollars in a bank, which was 15 dollars less than his neighbor deposited at the same time; how much did both deposit? CHAPTER II. SUBTRACTION. 8. 1. JAMES, having 5 cents, gave 2 cents for a pencil; how many cents had he left? ANALYSIS. Since James had 5 cents, and gave 2 cents for a pencil, he had left the difference between 5 cents and 2 cents. The difference between 5 cents and 2 cents, is 3 cents. Therefore, he had 3 cents left. 2. Mary had 3 peaches, and ate 1 of them; how many had she left? 3. Ella had 6 pinks, and gave her sister 2; how many had she left? 4. On a rose bush were 7 roses, and Eliza picked 3 of them; how many were left? 5. A man bought 10 sheep and sold 5 of them; how many had he left? 6. A bad boy robbed a bird's nest of 7 eggs, and broke 4 of them; how many remained unbroken ? 7. If there are 8 pigs in a pen, and five of them get out, how many remain ? 8. If a merchant have 12 barrels of flour, and he sell 7 of them, how many barrels will he have left? 9. Margaret is 11 years old, and Julia 4 years younger; what is Julia's age? 10. Stephen had 9 marbles, and lost 3 of them; how many had he left? 11. A man, earning 10 dollars a week, spends 6 dollars for provisions; how many dollars has he left? 12. Giles borrowed 12 dollars, and paid 7 dollars of it; how much of it remained unpaid? are how many? 24. 15 less 9 are how many? 25. 20 less 6 are how many? 26. 23 less 10 are how many? 27. 18 less 4 are how many? |