The Elements of Euclid for the Use of Schools and Colleges: Comprising the First Six Books and Portions of the Eleventh and Twelfth Books : with Notes, an Appendix, and Exercises
Macmillan, 1867 - Euclid's Elements - 400 pages
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Common terms and phrases
ABCD angle ABC angle BAC Axiom base BC is equal Book centre chord circle ABC circumference common Construction Corollary Definition demonstration describe a circle described diameter difference divided double drawn equal equal angles equiangular equilateral equimultiples Euclid extremities fall figure formed four fourth given circle given point given straight line greater half Hypothesis inscribed intersect join less Let ABC magnitudes manner meet multiple namely opposite sides parallel parallelogram pass perpendicular plane polygon PROBLEM produced proportionals PROPOSITION Q.E.D. PROPOSITION quadrilateral ratio reason rectangle contained rectilineal figure remaining respectively right angles segment shew shewn sides similar square square on AC straight line drawn suppose Take taken tangent THEOREM third touch triangle ABC twice Wherefore whole
Page 35 - IF a side of any triangle be produced, the exterior angle is equal to the two interior and opposite angles ; and the three interior angles of every triangle are equal to two right angles.
Page 67 - In obtuse-angled triangles, if a perpendicular be drawn from either of the acute angles to the opposite side produced, the square on the side subtending the obtuse angle, is greater than the squares on the sides containing the obtuse angle, by twice the rectangle contained by the side upon which, when produced, the perpendicular falls, and the straight line intercepted without the triangle between the perpendicular and the obtuse angle, Let ABC be an obtuse-angled triangle, having the obtuse angle...
Page 73 - When a straight line standing on another straight line makes the adjacent angles equal to one another, each of the angles is called a Right Angle; and the straight line which stands on the other is called a Perpendicular to it.
Page 284 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.
Page 50 - In any right-angled triangle, the square which is described upon the side subtending the right angle, is equal to the squares described upon the sides which contain the right angle.
Page 57 - If a straight line be divided into two equal parts, and also into two unequal parts ; the rectangle contained by the unequal parts, together with the square on the line between the points of section, is equal to the square on half the line.
Page 10 - THE angles at the base of an isosceles triangle are equal to one another : and, if the equal sides be produced, the angles upon the other side of the base shall be equal.
Page 227 - If two straight lines be at right angles to the same plane, they shall be parallel to one another. Let the straight lines AB, CD be at right angles to the same plane : AB is parallel to CD.
Page 102 - The angle in a semicircle is a right angle; the angle in a segment greater than a semicircle is less than a right angle; and the angle in a segment less than a semicircle is greater than a right angle.
Page 352 - Prove that the square on any straight line drawn from the vertex of an isosceles triangle to the base, is less than the square on a side of the triangle by the rectangle contained by the segments of the base : and conversely.