## An Elementary Arithmetic Serving as an Introduction to the Higher Arithmetic |

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### Contents

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### Common terms and phrases

acres added addition amount annexing balance barrels bushels called cent changed ciphers coin column common denominator consists contained copper cords cost cubic inches currency decimal diameter difference Divide dividend division dollars equal equivalent EXAMPLES expressed factors feet figure foot four fourth fraction gain gallon give given gold grains greater greatest common divisor half Hence hundreds improper fraction increased interest least common multiple length less lowest terms means measure method miles Millions mills mixed number months multiplicand Multiply nearly obtain OPERATION period person pounds present principal proceed progression quantities quotient ratio receive Reduce remainder Repeat rods RULE shillings side silver simple sought square square feet square root subtract Suppose tens term third thousands units weight whole number worth write yards

### Popular passages

Page 103 - To multiply a decimal by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the right as there are ciphers in the multiplier ; and if there be not places enough in the number, annex ciphers.

Page 107 - When a decimal number is to be divided by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the left as there are ciphers in the divisor, and if there be not figures enough in the number, prefix ciphers.

Page 231 - Compute the interest to the time of the first payment ; if that be one year or more from the time the interest commenced, add it to the principal, and deduct the payment from the sum total. If there be after payments made, compute the interest on the balance due, to the next payment, and then deduct the payment as above ; and in like manner from one payment to another till ail the payments are absorbed; provided the time between one payment and another be one year or more.

Page 133 - Thirty days hath September, April, June, and November ; All the rest have thirty-one, Except the second month alone, Which has but twenty-eight, in fine, Till leap year gives it twenty-nine.

Page 230 - The rule for casting interest, when partial payments have been made, is to apply the payment, in the first place, to the discharge of the interest then due. " If the payment exceeds the interest, the surplus goes towards discharging the principal, and the subsequent interest is to be computed on the balance of principal remaining due.

Page 238 - RULE. — Divide the given interest by the interest of the given principal for 1 year, and the quotient is the time.

Page 230 - If the payment be less than the interest, the surplus of interest must not be taken to augment the principal; but interest continues on the former principal until the period when the payments, taken together, exceed the interest due, and then the surplus is to be applied towards discharging the principal; and interest is to be Computed on the balance, as aforesaid.

Page 129 - LIQUID MEASURE 4 gills (gi.) = 1 pint (pt.) 2 pints = 1 quart (qt...

Page 280 - Multiply the divisor, thus augmented, by the last figure of the root, and subtract the product from the dividend, and to the remainder bring down the next period for a new dividend.

Page 121 - TROY WEIGHT. 24 grains (gr.) = 1 pennyweight (pwt.). 20 pennyweights = 1 ounce (oz.). 12 ounces = 1 pound (lb.). 351. Apothecaries' weight is used in mixing medicines and in selling them at retail. APOTHECARIES