## An Elementary Arithmetic |

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### Contents

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### Common terms and phrases

acres added addition allowance amount angle apples barrel bought bushels called cents Change cloth column common compound numbers contain cord cord feet cost cubic cubic feet cubic inches decimal DEFINITIONS denomination difference divided dividend division divisor dollars equal expressed factors feet long fifth figures five foot four fourths fraction gain gallons give given grains half Hence higher hundred hundred-weight hundredths inches integer interest least length less measure miles mills minutes months Multiply Name ounces paid pecks pennyweights piece pints pounds prime principle PROBLEMS quarts quotient rate per cent rectangular Reduce remainder result Rule seconds sell sold SOLUTION square square inches square rods subtract tens tenths third thousand thousandths tons units weight wide wood Write WRITTEN EXERCISES yards

### Popular passages

Page 137 - Cubic Measure 1728 cubic inches (cu. in.) =1 cubic foot (cu. ft.) 27 cubic feet = 1 cubic yard (cu. yd.) 128 cubic feet = 1 cord (cd...

Page 110 - Reduce the fractions to a common denominator and divide the numerator of the dividend by the numerator of the divisor.

Page 134 - SQUARE MEASURE 144 square inches (sq. in.) = 1 square foot (sq. ft.) 9 square feet = 1 square yard (sq.

Page 86 - Multiplying or dividing both terms of a fraction by the same number does not change the value of the fraction.

Page 75 - Cancel the common factors from both the dividend and divisor. II. Then divide the product of the remaining factors of the dividend by the product of the remaining factors of the divisor, and the result will be the quotient.

Page 101 - Multiply the whole number by the numerator of the fraction, and divide the product by the denominator ; or divide the whole number by the denominator of the fraction, and multiply the quotient by the numerator.

Page 70 - Divide the given number by any prime number greater than 1, that will divide it without a remainder, and the quotient, if composite, in the same manner; and thus continue until the quotient is prime. The divisors and the last quotient will be the prime factors required.

Page 150 - Number. 12 units — 1 dozen (doz.). 12 dozen = 1 gross (gro.). 12 gross =• 1 great gross. 20 units — 1 score.

Page 160 - Rule.— Write the numbers so that units of the same denomination shall stand in the same column.

Page 71 - The Greatest Common Divisor of two or more numbers is the greatest number that will exactly divide each of them. Thu4, 18 is the greatest, common divisor of 36 and 54, since it is the greatest number that will divide each of them without a remainder.