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added additive algebraic answer apply arithmetical becomes called cent changing Clearing coefficient common denominator common divisor contained continued cube root decimal difference Divide dividend division divisor dollars double equal equation evident EXAMPLES exponent expression Extract Extract the square extracting the root extremes factors feet figures four fourth fraction geometrical given gives greater greatest hence hundreds increased indicated known last term least common less letters manner means miles Multiply number of terms obtain operation perform period polynomial preceding principle problem Prod progression proportion quotient radical raised ratio reasoning Reduce remainder represent result RULE shillings shows simple square root substitute subtract tens third tion Transposing twice units unity unknown quantity whence whole number writing written
Page 268 - A put four horses, and B as many as cost him 18 shillings a week. Afterwards B put in two additional horses, and found that he must pay 20 shillings a week. At what rate was the pasture hired ? 49.
Page 167 - B with $96. A lost twice as much as B; and, upon settling their accounts, it appeared that A had three times as much remaining as B. How much did each lose ? Ans. A lost $96, and B lost $48.
Page 73 - The first term of a ratio is called the antecedent, and the second term the consequent.
Page 78 - In any proportion, the product of the means is equal to the product of the extremes.
Page 91 - If a footman travel 130 miles in 3 days, when the days are 12 hours long; in how many days, of 10 hours each, may he travel 360 miles ? Ans.
Page 277 - A and B 165 miles distant from each other set out with a design to meet; A travels 1 mile the first day, 2 the second, 3 the third, and so on.
Page 88 - If 248 men, in 5 days, of 11 hours each, can dig a trench 230 yards long, 3 wide...
Page 161 - It is required to divide the number 99 into five such parts, that the first may exceed the second by 3, be less than the third by 10, greater than the fourth by 9, and less than the fifth by 16.