A Series on Elementary and Higher Geometry, Trigonometry, and Mensuration, Containing Many Valuable Discoveries and Impovements in Mathematical Science ...: Designed as a Text Book for Collegiate and Academic Instruction, and as a Practical Compendium on Mensuration
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abscissa altitude angle axes axis base becomes called centre chord circle circular circumference circumscribing common cone conjugate construction corresponding cosine curve cylinder described determine diameter difference distance divided draw drawn ellipse equal equation expression feet figure follows formed frustum Geom geometrical given greater half height hence hyperbola inches included known length less logarithm major manner means measured meet middle multiplied opposite ordinate parabola parallel passing perpendicular plane portion position prism PROBLEM Prop proportional PROPOSITION pyramid quadrant quantity radius ratio rectangle represent respectively revoloid right angles ring Rule Scholium sector segment sides similar sine solidity space sphere spherical spindle square supposed surface taken tangent THEOREM tion triangle ungula vertical whole zone
Page 197 - ... is such, that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference are equal to one another : 16. And this point is called the centre of the circle.
Page 81 - The logarithm of any power of a number is equal to the logarithm of the number multiplied by the exponent of the power.
Page 219 - To find the solidity of a hyperbolic conoid, or otherwise called a hyperboloid. RULE. To the square of the radius of the base, add the square of the diameter...
Page 68 - In the same way it may be proved that a : b : : sin. A : sin. B, and these two proportions may be written a : 6 : c : : sin. A : sin. B : sin. C. THEOREM III. t8. In any plane triangle, the sum of any two sides is to their difference as the tangent of half the sum of the opposite angles is to the tangent of half their difference. By Theorem II. we have a : b : : sin. A : sin. B.
Page 14 - ... this point of intersection, as a pole, and limited by the sides, produced if necessary. Let the angle BAC be formed by the two arcs AB, AC ; then it will be equal to the angle FAG formed by the tangents AF, AG, and be measured by the arc DE, described about A as a pole.
Page 27 - The circumference of every circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts...
Page 36 - The solidity of a cylinder is equal to the area of its base multiplied by its altitude.