## Arithmetic: In which the Principles of Operating by Numbers are Analytically Explained and Synthetically Applied : Illustrated by Copious Examples |

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### Common terms and phrases

acres added addition amount annexed apples barrels bills bought bushels called cent ciphers cloth common compound contained contents cost cube cubic decimal denominator diameter difference divided dividend division divisor dollars equal EXAMPLES EXAMPLES FOR PRACTICE expressed factor farthings feet figure foot fourth fraction gain gallons Give given greater half hand Hence hundred inches interest length less measure method miles mills minutes months multiplicand multiply NOTE OPERATION oranges paid payment pence performed pieces pound present principal proportion quantity Questions quotient ratio receive Reduce remainder Repeat rods root rule share shillings side simple sold solid SOLUTION square subtraction tens thing third thousand tion units weight whole whole number wide worth write yards

### Popular passages

Page 144 - Thirty days hath September, April. June, and November; All the rest have thirty.one, Save February, which alone Hath twenty.eight; and one day more We add to it one year in four.

Page 47 - It shows that the number before it is to be divided by the number after it. Thus...

Page 270 - Multiply the divisor, thus augmented, by the last figure of the root, and subtract the product from the dividend, and to the remainder bring down the next period for a new dividend.

Page 145 - TABLE. 60 seconds (") - make - 1 minute, - marked - ' 60 minutes - - - - - 1 degree, ----- ° 30 degrees ----- 1 sign, ------ s. 12 signs, or 360 degrees, - 1 circle of the zodiac. Note. Every circle, whether great or small, is divisible into 360 equal parts, called degrees. 71. Reduce 9s. 13° 25

Page 52 - Number ; thus, the number 17£ (apples) in the above example, is a mixed number, being composed of the integers 17 and the fraction...

Page 82 - To reduce a mixed number to an improper fraction, — RULE : Multiply the whole number by the denominator of the fraction, to the product add the numerator, and write the result over the denominator.

Page 275 - RULE.* — Multiply the sum of the extremes by the number of terms, and half the product will be the answer.

Page 169 - Every circle, whether great or small, is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts, called degrees. Let the accompanying diagram represent the great circle of the earth, called the equator, divided, as you here see.

Page 30 - Multiplication is the process of taking one of two numbers as many times as there are units in the other.

Page 270 - Subtract the subtrahend from the dividend, and to the remainder bring down the next period for a new dividend, with which proceed as before, and so on, till the whole is completed. NOTE 1 . The same rule must be observed for continuing the operation, and pointing for decimals, as in the square root.