A compendium of modern geography

Front Cover
Oliver & Boyd, 1850 - 443 pages
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Page 289 - They are chosen .by the legislatures of the several States, for the term of six years, one third of them being elected biennially. The Vice-President of the United States is the President of the Senate, in which body he has only a casting vote, which is given in case of an equal division of the votes of the Senators.
Page 333 - Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed.
Page 339 - Bring the place at which the hour is given to the meridian, and set the index to the given hour ; then turn the globe till the other place comes to the meridian, and the index will show the...
Page 13 - It divides the earth into two equal parts, which are called the northern and southern HEMISPHERES. LATITUDE is the distance of a place north or south from the equator.
Page 428 - Pacific, to Uleaborg, in Finland, the annual quantity of rain that falls decreases from 150 inches to 13. It is, however, more abundant in the New World than in the Old ; 115 inches fall annually in tropical America, while in the Old World the annual fall is only 76 inches ; so also in the temperate zone of the United States the annual quantity is 37 inches, while in the Old Continent it is but 3 If inches.
Page 327 - The variations of rain and sunshine, which in the West exist throughout the whole year, are in Palestine confined chiefly to the latter part of autumn and the winter ; while the remaining months enjoy almost uninterruptedly a cloudless sky.
Page 390 - ... its surface. It may therefore be concluded, that the heat of the earth above the zone of uniform temperature is entirely owing to the sun. The power of the solar rays depends much upon the manner in which they fall, as we readily perceive from the different climates on our globe. The earth is about three millions of miles nearer to the sun in winter than in summer, but the rays strike the northern hemisphere more obliquely in winter than in the other half of the year. The observations of the...
Page 8 - The radius of a sphere is a straight line, drawn from the centre to any point of the surface ; the diameter, or axis, is a line passing through this centre, and terminated on both sides by the surface.
Page 343 - ... place not in the frigid zones,) to find what other day of the year is of the same length. RULE. Find the sun's place in the ecliptic for the given day, (by Problem XX.) bring it to the brass meridian, and observe the degree above it ; turn the globe on its axis till some other point of the ecliptic falls under the same degree of the meridian : find this point of the ecliptic on the horizon, and directly against it you will find the day of the month required. This Problem may be performed by the...

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