COR. If DEF be any angle, the adjacent ▲ DEK formed by producing one of its arms FE is the adjacent ▲ FEL formed by producing the other arm. = K other, For they are opposite angles. if an angle one of its adjacent angles it is also the = ..if one straight line is 1 to another, the latter is 1 to the former. Thus each of the arms of a right is 1 to the other. PROPOSITION VII. It is always possible to draw a straight line perpendicular to a given straight line from a given point in the same. Let BC be the given straight line, and A the given point in it. Then from A a straight line can be drawn 1 BC. From AB, AC cut off equal parts AD, AE. With D and E as centres, describe equal Os intersecting in F. Join AF. · DA is = EA, DF=EF, and AF common to the two PROPOSITION VIII. From a given point in a given straight line there cannot be drawn more than one straight line perpendicular to it. let AF and AG be each of them 1 to BC. ..LS FAB, FAC are equal to one another, and also ▲ s GAB, GAC are equal to one another, which is impossible. .. from a given point in a given straight line there cannot be drawn more than one straight line 1 to it. COR. All right angles are equal to one another. B CH К Let ABC, GHK be two right angles, and let the ▲ ABC be applied to the ▲ GHK, For if it fell in any other direction, as HX, then from H there would be drawn two straight lines HG, HX, ▲ to HK, which is impossible; and .. BA must fall along HG, ABC is = L GHK. C. G. PROPOSITION IX. The angles which one straight line makes with another upon one side of it are either two right angles or are together equal to two right angles. Let the straight line AB make with CD upon one side of it the through B draw BE1to CD; then the ABC is the 4 s CBE and EBA together; .. the LS ABC and ABD are together the 4s CBE, EBA and ABD; ... of which CBE is a right " and EBA, ABD make up a right; C LS ABC, ABD are together two rights. COR. If a number of straight lines BA, BC, BF, BE meeting in the point B form angles ABC, CBF, FBG, GBA which fill up the space about B, then these LS are together= 4 right L s. For produce CB to X. Then all the 4S ABC, CBF, FBG, GBA are equal to thes on one side of CBX together with the s on the other side of CBX, and are .. four rights. PROPOSITION X. If two straight lines, drawn from one extremity of a straight line on opposite sides of it, make the adjacent angles together equal to two right angles, these two straight lines shall be in one and the same straight line. Let BC, BD drawn from B one extremity of AB make the adjacent s ABC, ABD together = two right angles. Then shall BD be in the same straight line with BC. For if not, if possible, let BE be in the same straight line with BC; = .. LS ABC, ABE are together two right angles; (1.9) .. LABE is 4 ABD, which is impossible. = (hyp.) ... no other straight line than BD is in the same straight line with BC; .. BD is in the same straight line with BC. |