Graded Course of Instruction for the Public Schools of Chicago

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Bryant, Walker & Craig Printers, 1872 - Elementary schools - 115 pages
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Page 14 - ... inculcate lessons of civility and courtesy. In the Primary divisions, especially, the teachers should give frequent and somewhat minute directions respecting the ordinary rules of politeness. Let the pupils be taught that when a question is asked them, it shows a lack of good breeding to remain silent or shake the head, even if they are not able to answer it. They should receive some general directions respecting the manners of younger persons in the presence of those who are older. They should...
Page 23 - While good articulation is not the end of reading, it is an essential means, and one without which the true end — expression of thought — can never be attained. " There is no fault more common in reading than that of stumbling, hesitating, catching, and repeating. It is but one fault, and teachers should use every effort to break it up. The moment the child shows the first symptom, his case should be carefully but immediatel}' considered, and strict attention at once given to its cure.
Page 25 - Spelling. — In conducting oral exercises in spelling, pupils should pronounce each word distinctly before spelling it, and they should never be allowed to try twice on a word.* Whenever a pupil misses a word, let him afterward be required to spell it correctly.
Page 63 - Reading and writing numbers of two periods. Add, subtract, multiply and divide so that the sum, minuend, product or dividend shall not exceed two periods, multiplier two figures, divisor 12 or less.
Page 18 - It is impracticable to establish a uniform rule respecting the frequency and length of recitations. The following scale will serve as a general guide to teachers in this matter : Recitations in the Grammar Department from twenty-five to forty minutes in length, except exercises in spelling, which may usually be completed in fifteen to twenty-five minutes ; in the...
Page 49 - In preparing an exercise in spelling, it is highly important that young pupils should hear the words pronounced by the teacher. A very useful method is, for the teacher first to pronounce all the words of the lesson distinctly, while- the pupils listen attentively and point to the words in the books, as they are pronounced. Next, the teacher pronounces one word, which is repeated by the first scholar in the class ; then another word, which is repeated by the second scholar, and so on. After this,...
Page 32 - Writing should be taught as a simultaneous class exercise, all the members of the class attending to the same thing at the same time. In conducting exercises in writing, teachers should make constant use of the blackboard. Important letters and principles of the copy should be written on the board, both correctly nml incorrectly, illustrating the excellencies to be attained and the errors to be avoided.
Page 18 - Every teacher should have posted up in the school-room an established order of exercises for each day in the week, assigning a definite time for the beginning and ending of every exercise, and of every interval between the exercises; and this order should assign definitely, also, the times for study and topics of study, as well as of recitation.
Page 24 - It sometimes arises from pure carelessness, audits euro needs no mention. It often arises from the use of books in advance of the child's capacity, so that reading becomes mere utterance, without so much as a thought creeping in even behind a word uttered. The case suggests its own remedy. It sometimes arises from indulgence in a similar habit in all other recitations. "Whatever its cause, its cure must be certain, or no progress is made, but on the other hand constant retrogression. " Improper breathing...
Page 14 - No parent's eye is upon the children, and yet they should constantly feel that some kind guardian is near— not to check their cheerful sports, but to encourage every kind and noble act, and to rebuke every departure from the path of virtue and honor.

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