Elements of Geometry: Containing the First Six Books of Euclid, with a Supplement on the Quadrature of the Circle, and the Geometry of Solids: to which are Added, Elements of Plane and Spherical Trigonometry
Collins and Hannay, 1833 - Euclid's Elements - 333 pages
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ABCD altitude angle ABC angle BAC arch base bisected Book called centre circle circle ABC circumference coincide common contained cosine cylinder definition demonstrated described diameter difference divided double draw drawn equal equal angles equiangular Euclid exterior angle extremity fall fore four fourth given given straight line greater half inscribed interior join less Let ABC magnitudes manner meet multiple opposite parallel parallelogram pass perpendicular plane polygon prism produced PROP proportional proposition proved Q. E. D. PROP radius ratio reason rectangle contained rectilineal figure right angles segment shewn sides similar sine solid square straight line taken tangent THEOR thing third touches triangle ABC wherefore whole
Page 49 - PROB. jf 0 a given straight line to apply a parallelogram, which shall be equal to a given triangle, and have one of its angles equal to a given rectilineal angle, Let AB be the given straight line, and C the given triangle, and D the given rectilineal angle.
Page 29 - The angles which one straight line makes with another upon one tide of it, are either two right angles, or are together equal to two right angles. Let the straight line AB make with CD, upon one side of it the angles CBA, ABD ; these are either two right angles, or are together equal to two right angles. For, if the angle CBA be equal to ABD, each of them is a right angle (Def.
Page 19 - A circle is a plane figure contained by one line, which is called the circumference, and is such that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference, are equal to one another.
Page 55 - If a straight line be divided into any two parts, the rectangle contained by the whole and one of the parts, is equal to the rectangle contained by the two parts, together with the square of the aforesaid part.
Page 90 - If from any point without a circle two straight lines be drawn, one of which cuts the circle, and the other touches it ; the rectangle contained by the whole line which cuts the circle, and the part of it without the circle, shall be equal to the square of the line which touches it.
Page 86 - The angle in a semicircle is a right angle; the angle in a segment greater than a semicircle is less than a right angle; and the angle in a segment less than a semicircle is greater than a right angle.
Page 87 - If a straight line touch a circle, and from the point of contact a straight line be drawn cutting the circle, the angles made by this line with the line touching the circle shall be equal to the angles which are in the alternate segments of the circle.
Page 43 - THE straight lines which join the extremities of two equal and parallel straight lines, towards the same parts, are also themselves equal and parallel.
Page 39 - Wherefore, if a straight line, &c. QED PROP. XXIX. THEOR. If a straight line fall upon two parallel straight lines, it makes the alter' male angles equal to one another ; and the exterior angle equal to the interior and opposite upon the same side ; and likewise the two interior angles upon the same. side together equal to two right angles.
Page 54 - If there be two straight lines, one of which is divided into any number of parts, the rectangle contained by the two straight lines is equal to the rectangles contained by the undivided line, and the several parts of the divided line. Let...