## A Theoretical and Practical Treatise on Algebra ... |

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added addition algebraic amount appear apply approximate arithmetical assumed called cent CHAPTER Clearing coefficients common complete compound considered containing corresponding course cube root denominator determined difference distance Divide division divisor dollars double equal equation equation becomes evolution example Expand exponent expressed extract factors figure find the values four fourth fraction geometrical give Given greater greatest Hence hour increase infinity interest involving known less letter logarithm manner mean measure method miles minus moon Multiply negative observe obtain operation perceive positive practical preceding principle problem progression proportion quadratic question quotient ratio Reduce relation remainder represent Required resolved result rule simple solution square root substitute subtract suppose taken Theorem third tion transformed Transpose traveled trial true unit unity unknown quantity values of x variation whole

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Page 18 - ... the product of the two, plus the square of the second. In the third case, we have (a + b) (a — 6) = a2 — b2. (3) That is, the product of the sum and difference of two quantities is equal to the difference of their squares.

Page 17 - Hence, for the multiplication of polynomials we have the following RULE. Multiply all the terms of the multiplicand by each term of the multiplier, observing that like signs give plus in the product, and unlike signs minus.

Page 193 - Three quantities are said to be in harmonical proportion, when the first is to the third, as the difference between the first and second is to the difference between the second and third.

Page 84 - It is required to divide the number 24 into two such parts, that the quotient of the greater part divided by the less, may be to the quotient of the less part divided by the greater, as 4 to I.

Page 193 - Three lines are in harmonical proportion, when the first is to the third, as the difference between the first and second, is to the difference between the second and third ; and the second is called a harmonic mean between the first and third. The expression 'harmonical proportion...

Page 58 - Divide 48 into two such parts, that if the less be divided by 4, and the greater by 6, the sum of the quotients will be 9. Ans. 12 and 36.

Page 59 - Four places are situated in the order of the letters A, B, C, D. The distance from A to D is 34 miles. The distance from A to B is to the distance from C to D as 2 to 3. And ^ of the distance from A to B, added to half the distance from C to D, is three times the distance from B to C. What are the respective distances'!

Page 55 - For, if we have given ab' = a'b, then, dividing by bb', we obtain Corollary. The terms of a proportion may be written In any order which will make the product of the extremes equal to the product of the means.

Page 96 - It will thus afford a direct solution to the following problems : 1. The hour and minute hands of a clock are together at 12 o'clock ; when are they next together ? The circumference of the dial-plate is divided into 12 spaces.

Page v - If the same quantity, or equal quantities, be subtracted from equal quantities, the remainders will be equal. 3. If equal quantities be multiplied by the same quantity, or equal quantities, the products will be equal.