## Arithmetical Foundation: Comprising Mental and Written Exercises in the Four Simple Rules : Prepared for the Primary Schools of Portland, at the Request of the School Committee |

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11 leaves acres added Addition amount answer apples Arithmetic barrels barrels of flour begin borrowed bought bushels called carry cents cents a pound cents apiece ciphers composite number contained cost difference Divide dividend Division divisor dollars dollars a yard endeavor equally EXERCISES factors figure foundation fourth gave girl give hope horse hundred John land less LESSON mean Mental method miles millions multiplicand multiplier nine observe operation orange paid perform pounds proceed Proof prove purchased quarts questions quotient receive remainder right hand rule Samuel Schools sell separate seven sheep short significant figures simple slate sold square stand Subtraction TABLE teacher tell tens thing third thousand trees units weeks whole wish write yards yards of cloth

### Popular passages

Page 58 - Having brought down a figure to the remainder, if the number it makes up be less than the divisor, write a cipher in the quotient, and bring down the next figure. Note 2. If the product of the divisor, by any quotient figure, be greater than the part of the dividend taken, it is an evidence that the quotient figure is too large, and must be diminished.

Page 31 - The Dividend is the number to be divided. The Divisor is the number by which we divide. The Quotient is the number of times...

Page 15 - Q 9 from 10 leaves 1 9 from 1 1 leaves 2 9 from 12 leaves 3 9 from 13 leaves 4 9 from 14 leaves 5 9 from 15 leaves 6 9 from 16 leaves 7 9 from 17 leaves 8 9 from 18 leaves 9 9 from 19 leaves 10 9 from...

Page 61 - Cut off- as many figures from the right hand of the dividend as there are ciphers in the divisor. The remaining figures of the dividend will be the quotient, and those cut off the remainder.

Page 52 - When the multiplier is 10, 100, 1000, or 1 with any number of ciphers annexed, annex as many ciphers to the multiplicand as there are ciphers in the multiplier, and the multiplicand, so increased, will be the product required.

Page 15 - ... 7 from 7 leaves 0 7 from 8 leaves 1 7 from 9 leaves 2 7 from 10 leaves 3 7 from 11 leaves 4 7 from 12 leaves 5 7 from 13 leaves 6 7 from 14 leaves 7 7 from 15 leaves 8 7 from 16 leaves 9 7 from...

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Page 57 - Multiply the square of this quotient figure by the former figure or figures of the root, and this product by 30, and place the product under the last; under all write the cube of this quotient figure, and call their amount the subtrahend.

Page 59 - A. 9 bundles 18 yards, or in each piece,] making 14 yards, 9|| bundles. which added to the 4 yards over at first, makes 18 yards remainder. 9. Hence to find the true remainder multiply the last remainder by the first divisor and add in the first remainder.

Page 67 - A man has four farms ; the first is worth two thousand seven hundred and twenty-five dollars : the second is worth three thousand eight hundred and nineteen dollars ; the third is worth one thousand six hundred and ten dollars ; the fourth is worth five hundred and twelve dollars ; what are they all worth ? Am.