Practical Arithmetic, Embracing the Science of Numbers and the Art of Computation: For Schools and Academics
Sheldon & Company, 1868 - Arithmetic - 380 pages
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Common terms and phrases
acres added amount ANALYSIS barrels base bill bought bushels called cents circle cloth column common compound contain cost cube cubic currency decimal denominator denotes diameter difference discount Divide dividend division divisor dollars equal exact EXAMPLES expressed factors feet figure flour fraction gain gallons give given gold greatest Hence horses hundreds inches interest land least length less measure merchant meter miles mills minutes months Multiply OPERATION paid payment period person piece pounds premium prime principal PROBLEM proceed quantity QUESTIONS quotient ratio receive Reduce remaining repetend rods root Rule sell share sheep shillings side simple sold solid square subtract surface TABLE tens term third units weight whole wide worth Write yards
Page 317 - When a decimal number is to be divided by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the left as there are ciphers in the divisor, and if there be not figures enough in the number, prefix ciphers.
Page 187 - ... 8 months ; what is the equated time for the payment of the whole ? Ans.
Page 52 - Place the less number under the greater, so that units of the same order shall stand in the same column.
Page 257 - A sphere is a solid bounded by a curved surface, every point of which is equally distant from a point within called the center.
Page 316 - To multiply a decimal by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the right as there are ciphers in the multiplier ; and if there be not places enough in the number, annex ciphers.
Page 219 - The Square Root of a number is one of its two equal factors.
Page 237 - Divide the difference of the extremes by the number of terms, less 1, and the quotient will be the common difference.
Page 229 - Multiply the complete divisor by the second figure of the root and subtract the product from the dividend.
Page 18 - Write the subtrahend under the minuend, so that units of the same order shall stand in the same column.
Page 72 - The Greatest Common Divisor of two or more numbers is the greatest number that will exactly divide each of them. Thu4, 18 is the greatest, common divisor of 36 and 54, since it is the greatest number that will divide each of them without a remainder.